Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench

Family: Malvaceae

Synonyms

Hibiscus esculentus L.

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Dheros; Vendi (Chittagong), Lai Long Ma (Murong), Lady's finger, Okra, Gumbo.

Local Availability

Sylhet, Chittagong hill tracts and Northern districts in fallow lands and forest outskirts.

Worldwide Availability

West African, Ethiopian, and South Asian origins. The plant is cultivated in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions around the world

Botanical Description 19

Abelmoschus eculentus (L.) Moench is covered with rough hairs, is a tall shrubby, and annual. Leaves are the lower roundish-angled, are polymorphous. The upper leaves are palmately 3-5-lobed, while th

Common Ethnobotanical Use 20

Fruits are useful in gonorrhoea, urinary discharges, strangury and diarrhea; are also known as cooling, stomachic, astringent and aphrodisiac; used in chronic dysentery. In the form of decoction, tender pods are employed as an demulcent, emollient and diuretic, and also are eaten in spermatorrhoea. The whole plant is also used as a valuable emollient and demulcent.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Quercetin 3-O-glucosideSkin1, 2
Hydrogen sulphidePod3
PentanePod3
Diethyl etherPod3
Dimethyl sulphidePod3
ButanedionePod3
HexanePod3
3-MethylbutanalPod3
CyclohexanePod3
Pent-1-en-3-olPod3
Pentane-2,3-dionePod3
2,5-DimethylfuranPod3
2-MethylbutanenitrilePod3
PyridinePod3
PyrrolePod3
HeptanePod3
ToluenePod3
DimethylcyclohexanePod3
OctanePod3
HexanalPod3
2-Methyltetrahydrofuran-3-onePod3
MethylpyrazinePod3
2-FuraldehydePod3
cis/trans-5-Methyltetrahydro-2-furanmethanolPod3
2-MethylpyridinePod3
p-XylenePod3
m-XylenePod3
VinylbenzenePod3
2-ButylfuranPod3
o-XylenePod3
2-AcetylfuranPod3
2,5-DimethylpyrazinePod3
2,6-DimethylpyrazinePod3
EthylpyrazinePod3
N-ButylpyrrolePod3
BenzaldehydePod3
5-Methyl-2-furaldehydePod3
Methyl furan-2-carboxylatePod3
2-PentylfuranPod3
2-Ethyl-3-methylpyrazinePod3
N-Methylpyrrole-2-carboxaldehydePod3
2-Methyl-6-vinylpyrazinePod3
LimonenePod3
1,8-CineolePod3
N-(3-methylbutyl)pyrrolePod3
2-AcetylpyrrolePod3
N-PentylpyrrolePod3
1,2-DiethylbenzenePod3
2-Acetyl-N-methylpyrrolePod3
2,5-Dimethyl-3-ethylpyrazinePod3
5-Methylthiophen-2-carboxaldehydePod3
LinaloolPod3
NonanalPod3
3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohex-2-enonePod3
PhenylpropanonePod3
3-Methoxy-2-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazinePod3
N-(2-furylmethyl)pyrrolePod3
alpha-TerpineolPod3
2,5-Dimethylthiophen-3-carboxaldehydePod3
p-Cymen-8-olPod3
CitronellolPod3
NeralPod3
2-(2'-furyl)PyrazinePod3
2-Phenylbut-2-enalPod3
N-(5-methyl-2-furylmethyl)pyrrole Pod3
N-(2-methylpropyl)-5-Methylpyrrole-2-carboxaldehydePod3
Indole Pod3
p-VinylguaiacolPod3
1-MethylnaphthalenePod3
EugenolPod3
Octyl butanoatePod3
2-VinylnaphthalenePod3
beta-Damascenone Pod3
beta-Caryophyllene Pod3
N-(2-phenethyl)pyrrolePod3
OctadecanePod3
NonadecanePod3
Methyl hexadecanoatePod3
Dibutyl phthalatePod3
EicosanePod3
Heneicos-1-enePod3
HeneicosanePod3
DocosanePod3
TricosanePod3
TetracosanePod3
PentacosanePod3
2-MethylfuranPod3
2-VinylfuranPod3
2-Methylbut-2-enalPod3
N-MethylpyrrolePod3
5-Methyl-2-vinylfuranPod3
N-EthylpyrrolePod3
ButylbenzenePod3
2,3-DimethylpyrazinePod3
3-EthylpyridinePod3
2,6-DiethylpyrazinePod3
IndolinePod3
3,5-Diethyl-2-methylpyrazinePod3
Methyl benzoate Pod3
Acetophenone Pod3
1,2-DimethoxybenzenePod3
Carveol Pod3
PhenylacetonitrilePod3
2-EthylnaphthalenePod3
2,3-DihydrobenzofuranPod3
6-Hydroxy-stigmasta-4-en-3-one4
6-Hydroxy-stigmasta-4,22-dien-3-one4
Stigmast-5-ene-3,7-diol4
Stigmasta-5-en-3-ol-7-one4
Stigmasta-4,22-diene-3,6-dione4
Stigmasta-4,22-dien-3-one4
Ergosta-7,22-dien-3-ol4
Cycloart-25-en-3,24-diol4
Lupeol4
Aurantiamide acetate4
Stigmasterol4
Hexadecanoic acid4
9,19-23(Z)-cycloart-23-en-3beta,25-diol4
Ergosta-7,22-diene-3beta,5alpha,6beta-triol5
5alpha,6alpha-Epoxyergost-8(14),22-dien-3beta,7alpha-diol5
Stigmast-5-ene-3beta,7alpha-diol5
Stigmasta-5,22-diene-3beta,7alpha-diol5
Stigmast-4-en-3beta,6beta-diol5
Stigmasta-4,22-diene-3beta,6beta-diol5
Stigmast-4-ene-3,6-dione5
Stigmast-4-ene-3-one5
beta-sitosterol5
Daucosterol5
Hyperoside6
7-Hydroxy-6-methoxychromen-2-one6
Uridine6, 7
2-methylcyclohexenylpropanalPod3
Quercetin 3-O-glucosyl (1'''→6'') glucosideSkin1, 2
Quercetin 3-O-xylosyl (1'''→2'') glucosideSkin1, 2
Quercetin 3-O-(6"-O-malonyl)-beta-glucosideSkin1, 2

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Flower
Ethanol Liver Cancer 11
Lactin
Ethanol Antiulcerant 17
Peel; Seed
N/A Antidiabetic 15
Pod
Aqueous Antibacterial 14
Pulp
Aqueous Leukemia 9
Root
Methanol Analgesic 18
Seed
N/A Breast Cancer 10
Aqueous Antifungal 12
Ethanol Antibacterial 13
Methanol Analgesic 16
Methanol Antiinflammatory 16
Methanol CNS Depressant 16

References

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  • 4 Jia, L., Guo, M., Li, D. and Jing, L. (2011) Chemical constituents from petroleum ether portion of Abelmoschus esculentus II. Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi= Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi= China journal of Chinese materia medica, 36, 891-895.
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