Magnolia grandiflora

Family: Magnoliaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Udoypoddo (Bengali), Heemchapa (Bengali), Southern Magnolia (English)

Local Availability

Commercially cultivated throughout the country.

Worldwide Availability

This is native to Southern part of American region, more specifically Florida, Texas, etc.

Botanical Description 31

This plant is a medium to tall growing evergreen plant. It has only single trunk. The leafs are leathery, glossy, ovate shaped. Upper side of leaves are dark green color, and under side is brownish. F

Common Ethnobotanical Use 32

This plant is a medium to tall growing evergreen plant. It has only single trunk. The leafs are leathery, glossy, ovate shaped. Upper side of leaves are dark green color, and under side is brownish. Flowers of magnolia are large and snow white in color. Flowers are cup shaped with 6-12 spoon shaped waxy petals generally bloom on a mature tree during spring. Flowers are fragrant.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
2-FuraldehydeLeaf14
5-Methyl-2-furaldehydeLeaf14
LimoneneFlower11
1,8-CineoleFlower11
LinaloolFlower; Leaf11, 14
alpha-TerpineolFlower11
beta-Caryophyllene Flower; Leaf15, 16
Methyl hexadecanoateFlower; Leaf11, 14
HeneicosaneFlower11
TricosaneFlower; Leaf11, 14
TetracosaneFlower11
PentacosaneFlower11
Hexadecanoic acidLeaf14
7-Hydroxy-6-methoxychromen-2-oneLeaf8
(2E,4E)-DecadienalLeaf14
beta-FarneseneFlower11, 15
NerolidolFlower11
(2Z,6E)-FarnesolFlower11
(2E,6E)-FarnesolFlower11
Ethyl linoleateLeaf14
(2E,6E)-Farnesyl acetateFlower11
Ethyl hexadecanoateLeaf14
delta-CadineneFlower11
(E,E)-alpha-farneseneLeaf14
SabineneFlower11
gamma-TerpineneFlower11
n-UndecaneFlower11
CamphorFlower; Leaf11, 14
4-TerpineolFlower11
GeraniolFlower11
Myrtenyl acetateFlower11
beta-ElemeneFlower; Leaf11, 15, 16, 25
alpha-HumuleneFlower; Leaf11, 14, 15, 25
Germacrene DFlower; Leaf11, 14, 15, 16
beta-SelineneFlower11, 25
Caryophyllene oxideFlower; Leaf11, 14, 15, 16
Epi-alpha-muurololFlower11
alpha-CadinolFlower; Leaf11, 14
n-HeptadecaneLeaf14
NonacosaneFlower11
ScoparoneLeaf7
beta-PineneFlower11, 15
alpha-PineneFlower11, 15
OcimeneFlower11
NerolFlower11
GermacreneFlower11
CampheneFlower11
alpha-MuuroleneFlower11
MyrceneFlower11
TerpinoleneFlower11, 15
alpha-BergamoteneFlower11
MyrtenalFlower11
trans-PinocarveolFlower11
(Z)-beta-FarneseneFlower15
gamma-ElemeneFlower; Leaf11, 14, 15
cis-JasmoneFlower11
cis-beta-OcimeneFlower11
delta-ElemeneFlower11
alpha-CubebeneFlower11, 15
alpha-YlangeneFlower11
alpha-GurjuneneFlower11
alpha-GuaieneFlower11
gamma-CadineneFlower11
GlobulolFlower11
HeptacosaneFlower11
LiriodenineLeaf18
PinocarvoneFlower11
MyrtenolFlower11
beta-CedreneFlower15
(Ε)-gamma-BisaboleneFlower11
VerbenoneFlower11
(e)-CaryophylleneFlower; Leaf11, 14
LedolFlower11
PhytolLeaf14, 16
NeoalloocimeneFlower11
SyringaresinolLeaf7
(E)-Linalool oxideFlower11
(Z)-Linalool oxideFlower11
MagnoflorineLeaf18
PhenylacetaldehydeFlower; Leaf11, 14
DihydrocarveolLeaf14
E-VerbenolFlower11
epi-alpha-CadinolFlower11
alpha-CopaeneFlower; Leaf11, 14
beta-CurcumeneFlower11
beta-CopaeneFlower11
GermacroneFlower15
trans-FarnesalFlower11
Germacrene BFlower; Leaf11, 16
trans-Z-alpha-Bisabolene epoxideLeaf14
Camphene hydrateFlower11
AromadendreneFlower11, 15
ViridiflorolFlower11
beta-SantaleneFlower11
2-Phenylethyl alcoholFlower11
beta-ChamigreneFlower11
Isoaromadendrene epoxideLeaf14, 25
Isobornyl acetateFlower11
Artemisia trieneLeaf14
IsobicyclogermacrenalFlower11
cis-beta-guaieneFlower11
(Z)-MyrtanolFlower11
Methyl decanoateFlower11
alpha-HimachaleneLeaf25
Octadecan-1-olFlower11
9-epi-(E)-caryophylleneFlower11
Methyl dodecanoateFlower11
Methyl tetradecanoateFlower11
(E,Z)-farnesolFlower11
Methyl palmitoleateFlower11
Isopropyl hexadecanoateLeaf14
Ethyl linolenateLeaf16
lsomentholFlower11
Methyl (Z)-jasmonateFlower11
(-)-AnonaineLeaf18
Phenylethyl caprylateFlower11
(E)-4,8-Dimethylnona-1,37-trieneFlower11
alpha-cis-BergamoteneFlower11
Germacrene D-4-olFlower11
(E)-Myrtanol acetateFlower11
SpathulenolLeaf14
BicyclogermacreneFlower11
Melampomagnolide ALeaf1
Melampomagnolide BLeaf1
CostunolideLeaf2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
ParthenolideLeaf; Leaf and Stem2, 3, 8, 4, 9, 5, 6, 7
Costunolide diepoxideLeaf2, 3, 5
SantamarineRoot Bark2
MagnolialideLeaf; Root Bark3, 10
ReynosinRoot Bark2, 3
CyclocolorenoneFlower; Leaf; Bark11, 12, 7, 13
IsoborneolFlower11
cis-PinocamphoneFlower11
Methyl myrtenateFlower11
trans-Pinocarvyl acetateFlower11
6,9-GuaiadieneFlower11
AlloaromadendreneFlower11
trans-beta-GuaieneFlower11
Lavandulyl 2-methylbutanoateFlower11
6-methyl-alpha-IononeFlower11
Methyl tetradecadienoateFlower11
Methyl tetradecenoateFlower11
2-Methyl-4-bromo-1-buteneLeaf14
2,3-DimethylanisoleLeaf14
1-Undecen-3-yneLeaf14
2-HexylfuranLeaf14
beta-PanasinsaneLeaf14
beta-HumuleneLeaf14
1H-Cycloprop[e]azulen-7-olLeaf14
Ledene alcoholLeaf14
1,4-MethanoazuleneLeaf14
Dicyclohexyl-propanedinitrileLeaf14
alpha-Copaen-8-olLeaf14
6,8-dimethoxy-7-hydroxycoumarinLeaf8
MagnograndiolideLeaf8, 17
LanuginosineLeaf18
PeroxyparthenolideLeaf19
PeroxycostunolideLeaf19
2alpha-Hydroxy-dihydroparthenolideLeaf7
(+) MedioresinolLeaf7
Humulene oxideFlower15
MagnololSeed20, 21
HonokiolSeed; Bark20, 22, 21
3,5'-Diallyl-2'-hydroxy-4-methoxybiphenylSeed20
(-)-SpathulenolLeaf25
CedrenolLeaf25
Ledene oxide-(ΙΙ)Leaf25
9,12-Octadecadienoic acid,ethyl esterLeaf16
epi-CyclocolorenoneFlower11
11,13-DehydrocompressanolideLeaf8
4,5-Epoxy-1(10)E,11(13)-germacradien-12,6-olideLeaf23
6alpha,11-Dihydroxy-12,13-diacetoxyelem-1,3-dieneLeaf24
4alpha,6alpha,10alpha-Trihydroxy-13-acetoxyguaia-11-eneLeaf24
12,13-diacetoxyguaia-4alpha,6alpha,10alpha,11-tetraolLeaf24
4,5-Epoxy-13-methoxy-1(10)-germacren- 12,6-olideLeaf7
4,5-Epoxy-13-acetoxy-1(10)-germacren-12,6-olideLeaf7

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Flower; Leaf
Aqueous Cardioprotective 30
Leaf
Methanol Liver Cancer 18
Aqueous Antiviral 26
Aqueous Glioblastoma 18
Leaf; Stem
Methanol Antifungal 28
Seed
Ethyl Ether; Hydroalcohol Anticonvulsant 29
Seed Cone
Aqueous B-Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia 27

References

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  • 2 El‐Feraly, F.S. and Chan, Y.M. (1978) Isolation and characterization of the sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, costunolide diepoxide, santamarine, and reynosin from Magnolia grandiflora L. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 67, 347-350.
  • 3 Ganzera, M., Mair, M., Stuppner, H., Fischer, N. and Khan, I. (2001) Analysis of sesquiterpene lactones inMagnolia grandiflora L. by Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography. Chromatographia, 54, 665-668.
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