Mentha arvensis

Family: Lamiaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Ablebana, Herbabuena, Hilbas, Karabo, Menta, Brook mint, Corn mint,Field mint,Marsh mint. Pepper mint,Tule mind, Wild mint

Local Availability

Available in whole country

Worldwide Availability

Native of Europe

Botanical Description 25

Hierbabuena is a prostrate, smooth, much-branched, usually purplish, strongly aromatic herb, with stems growing up to 40 centimeters long, with ultimate ascending terminal branches. Leaves are ellipti

Common Ethnobotanical Use 26

The leaves may be eaten raw in salads or used to make tea. The essential oils present in this plant are used to flavor desserts. American Indians used the leaves to prepare medicine for kidney diseases. The mint fragrance is a repellant for insects and rodents. Some granaries place the leaves near the grain to deter rodents from eating them.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
2-AcetylfuranLeaf1
LimoneneLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Whole Plant; Stolon; Rhizome1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19
1,8-CineoleLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Stolon; Rhizome1, 2, 3, 8, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19
LinaloolLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Aerial; Stolon; Rhizome1, 2, 3, 7, 9, 11, 14, 17, 18, 19
alpha-TerpineolLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Stolon; Rhizome1, 2, 3, 9, 11, 12, 17, 18, 19
Citronellol17, 18
NeralAerial7
EugenolLeaf; Aerial1, 7
beta-Caryophyllene Leaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf1, 2, 3, 12, 14, 18
Carveol Leaf1
Octanol11, 17
Decanol17
beta-Farnesene3
NerolidolShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf2, 14, 18
(2Z,6E)-Farnesol17
(2E,6E)-FarnesolAerial7
delta-Cadinene17, 18
beta-BisaboleneAerial7
SabineneShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Stolon; Rhizome2, 3, 11, 12, 15, 17, 18, 19
6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-oneAerial7
gamma-Terpinene3, 15, 18
CamphorAerial7
MentholLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Shoot; Stolon; Rhizome1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19
4-TerpineolLeaf; Stolon; Rhizome1, 3, 17, 18, 19
CarvoneLeaf; Stolon; Rhizome1, 3, 9, 17, 19
Hexyl 3-methylbutanoate17
GeraniolShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Aerial2, 7, 14, 18
Linalool acetate12
2-UndecanoneAerial7
Menthyl acetateLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Stolon; Rhizome1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 17, 19
Isomenthyl acetate15
cis-Carvyl acetate17
beta-BourboneneLeaf1, 9, 11, 19
beta-ElemeneLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf1, 2, 11, 14
alpha-HumuleneLeaf1, 17, 18
Neryl propanoateAerial7
Germacrene DLeaf; Stolon; Rhizome1, 3, 14, 17, 18, 19
Caryophyllene oxideLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Aerial1, 2, 3, 7, 9, 17
n-Hexadecane17
CubenolLeaf1
alpha-CadinolLeaf1, 9, 17
CaryophylleneLeaf; Aerial1, 7
beta-PineneShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Whole Plant; Leaf; Stolon; Rhizome2, 3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19
alpha-PineneLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Stolon; Rhizome1, 2, 3, 12, 14, 15, 18, 19
Methyleugenol17
OcimeneShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf2, 3, 14, 15, 18
NerolAerial7
cis-Nerolidol18
CampheneStolon Leaf2, 3, 14, 17, 18
delta-3-CareneLeaf1
MyrceneShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Aerial; Stolon; Rhizome2, 3, 7, 12, 15, 18, 19
beta-Phellandrene15
p-CymeneShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Whole Plant2, 6, 11, 14, 17
TerpinoleneLeaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Whole Plant1, 2, 6, 11, 12, 14, 17, 18
(Z)-3-Hexenyl acetate17
(Z)-3-HexenolShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf2, 3, 8, 18
alpha-FenchoneAerial7
alpha-BergamoteneAerial7
Myrtenal17, 18
trans-PinocarveolLeaf9
(Z)-beta-Farnesene17
cis-JasmoneAerial; Stolon; Rhizome7, 18, 19
alpha-ThujeneStolon Leaf2, 11, 14
cis-beta-OcimeneShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Stolon; Rhizome2, 12, 14, 15, 18, 19
trans-p-Menth-2-en-1-ol 17
Sabinene hydrateLeaf; Whole Plant1, 6, 17, 18
Sabinyl acetate17
gamma-CadineneShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf2, 14, 17
Elemol12
GlobulolAerial7
Guaiol17
gamma-Eudesmol17
beta-EudesmolLeaf9, 17
alpha-EudesmolLeaf9, 17
alpha-Bisabolol17
1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acidAerial7
alpha-PhellandreneLeaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf1, 2
trans-Sabinene hydrateLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf1, 2, 3, 14, 16, 18
delta-TerpineolLeaf1
Myrtenol17, 18
Verbenone17
18,18'-Bi-1,4,7,10,13,16-hexaoxacyclononadecaneLeaf1
alpha-TerpineneStolon; Rhizome17, 18, 19
Hexanol18
(E)-Linalool oxide18
1-Octen-3-ol3
(Z)-Linalool oxideAerial7, 18
Borneol18
DihydrocarveolLeaf1
Geranyl acetateAerial7, 12, 14
(E)-AnetholeLeaf1
GeranialAerial7
Nonanol17
alpha-Cubebene11
EstragoleLeaf9
beta-Terpineol17
VerbeneneLeaf1
3-Octanone18
3-OctanolLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf1, 2, 3, 8, 17, 18
epi-alpha-Cadinol17
alpha-FencholAerial7
Curdione17
cis-CarveolLeaf; Stolon; Rhizome1, 19
ViridiflorolStolon; Rhizome19
MenthoneLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Shoot; Stolon; Rhizome1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 17, 19
(E)-CarveolStolon; Rhizome17, 19
Menthol4, 5, 8
Piperitone epoxideLeaf1
MenthofuranWhole Plant; Stolon; Rhizome3, 6, 8, 15, 19
Humulene epoxide17
10-epi-gamma-Eudesmol17
Piperitenone oxideLeaf1
Isopulegol3, 17
L-LinaloolLeaf1, 12
3-CarvomenthenoneLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Stolon; Rhizome1, 2, 3, 8, 11, 14, 15, 16, 19
Dextro-carvone12
Oxiranmethanol,3-methyl-3(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)Leaf1
CaryophylleneStolon; Rhizome15, 19
CalameneneLeaf1
Dihydro-carvylacetateLeaf; Stolon; Rhizome1, 19
(Z,Z)-FarnesolAerial7
Isopentyl isovalerate17
Germacrene-AShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf2
Geranyl propionateAerial7
cis-3-hexenyl isovalerate17
Hexyl isobutyrate18
trans-Sabinene hydrate3, 17
2-Hexenol18
2-ethyl-1-hexanol11
(E)-2-hepten-1-ol11
Octyl acetate17
PulegoneShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Shoot; Leaf; Stolon; Rhizome2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19
Butyl octadecanoateLeaf1
Octyl cyclobutanecarboxylateLeaf1
IsomenthoneLeaf; Shoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Aerial; Shoot; Stolon; Rhizome1, 2, 3, 7, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19
neo-MentholLeaf; Aerial1, 3, 7, 8, 15, 17
cis-Piperitone oxideLeaf1
5-Isopropyl-6,7-epoxy-8-hydroxy-8-methylnon-2-oneLeaf1
2,6,6-Trimethyl-cyclohex-1-enecarboxylic acidLeaf1
2,5-Dimethyl-3-hexyne-2,5-diolLeaf1
alpha-Aminoisobutanoic acidLeaf1
DodecyltriglycolLeaf1
3-(1,3-Dihydroxyisopropyl)-1,5,8,11,14,17-hexaoxacyclononadecaneLeaf1
p-Menth-2-en-1-olLeaf1
Limonene oxide Leaf1
trans-DihydrocarvoneLeaf1
Epi-BicyclosesquiphellandreneLeaf; Aerial1, 7
2-methyl-5-(1-methylethenyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-ol-acetateLeaf1
PiperitenoneLeaf; Whole Plant; Stolon; Rhizome1, 6, 19
NeomentholShoot Stem; Shoot Leaf; Stolon Stem; Stolon Leaf; Stolon; Rhizome2, 11, 14, 15, 19
(-)-Menthyl acetate4, 5
IsopulegoneWhole Plant; Aerial; Shoot6, 7, 9, 10
p-MenthoneAerial7
cis-3-Hexenyl phenyl acetateAerial7
3-OctyneAerial7
Photocitral AAerial7
VinylcyclooctaneAerial7
Citronellyl propionateAerial7
(+)-trans-IsolimoneneAerial7
1,5-Heptadiene,3,3,6-trimethylAerial7
NeoisomentholLeaf9, 15
trans-CaraneLeaf9
3-Methyl-cyclohexanone11
Isoisopulegol11
Ylangene11
LinarinFlower; Leaf; Stem; Root 13
lsomentholStolon; Rhizome3, 15, 19
3-Decanone18
(Z)-3-Hexenyl (Z)-3-Hexenoate18
Methyl octyl ether17
3-Nonanol17
n-Heptadecene17
n-Hexyl cinnamaldehyde17
Neoisomenthyl acetate 15
(2S,2'S)-2,2'-Bis[1,4,7,10,13-pentaoxacyclopentadecane]Leaf1
trans-carvone oxideLeaf1

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Leaf
Methanol; Ethanol; Chloroform; Acetone Cardioprotective 24
Stem; Leaf
Ethanol Antibacterial 22
Whole Plant
Methanol; Aqueous Breast Cancer 20
Methanol; Aqueous Lung Cancer 20
Methanol; Aqueous Glioblastoma 20
Methanol; Aqueous Colon Cancer 20
Methanol; Aqueous Prostate Cancer 20
Methanol; Aqueous Leukemia 20
Petroleum Ether; Chloroform; Aqueous Antiulcerant 21
Aqueous; Methanol CNS Stimulant 23

References

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