Michelia champaca

Family: Magnoliaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Champa, Chapa, Swarnachampa, Champa-sundi (Sylhet), Chika (Bawm), Bol-mnabat (Garo), Chechang (Khumi), Chenga (Mogh), Cham-paw (Murang), Champak, Golden Champa, champakam, champaca,michelia.

Local Availability

Available in forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet, also planted as an ornamental and avenue tree throughout the country.

Worldwide Availability

Native to the Philippines, India and Java. Widespread in the Indo-Malaysian tropical region.

Botanical Description 10

A small tree, growing to a height of 6 meters or more. Bark is smooth and grey; the wood, soft with a white sapwood and a light olive-brown heartwood. Young shoots are silky; branchlets are appressed-

Common Ethnobotanical Use 11

Leaves applied to indolent swellings. Leaf juice used as vermifuge. Leaf juice with honey taken orally to relive colic. Decoction used in rheumatism, angina, and pharyngitis. Used for vertigo and dizziness. Decoction of bark used for fevers. Powdered bark also used for fevers. For rheumatism, crushed leaves are mixed with oil and applied on affected joints.Root bark used as demulcent, emmenagogue and purgative. An infusion or decoction of the flowers used for dyspepsia, nausea and fevers. The flowers, macerated in sweet oil, used for cephalalgia and ophthalmia and fetid nasal discharges; vertigo, rheumatism and gout. Seeds are used for rheumatism and for healing cracks in the soles of the feet. In Mexico, flowers, seeds and bark used for renal affections and as abortifacient. In India, flower buds used for diabetes and kidney diseases. Women of Chhattisgarh in India use the plant for fertility regulation.In Ayurveda, used for dyspepsia, nausea, vitiated conditions of pitta, vatta, hemoptysis, pruritus, skin diseases, cough, bronchitis, malarial fever, and general debility. Flower essential oil used for cephalalgia, ophthalmia, gout and rheumatism. Fruits and seeds used for healing cracks in feet.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
alpha-TerpineolLeaf10
beta-Caryophyllene Leaf10
(2E,6E)-Farnesyl acetateLeaf10
beta-BisaboleneLeaf10
SabineneLeaf10
gamma-TerpineneLeaf10
4-TerpineolFruit11
ThymolLeaf10
beta-ElemeneLeaf10
alpha-HumuleneLeaf10
Humulene epoxide IILeaf10
DopamineLeaf18
beta-PineneFruit11
alpha-PineneFruit11
beta-SesquiphellandreneLeaf10
alpha-MuuroleneLeaf; Root8
MyrceneFruit11
p-CymeneLeaf10
TerpinoleneLeaf10
PatchulaneBark9
allo-AromadendereneLeaf10
ElemolLeaf10
Germacrene D-4-olLeaf10
beta-EudesmolLeaf; Root8
Benzyl benzoateLeaf10
AnnoreticuinLeaf; Seed1, 3
IsoannoreticuinLeaf1
SalsolinolLeaf14
CoclaurineLeaf15
ReticulineRoot2, 13
Kaur-16-ene-19-oic acidBark6, 12
MolvizarinStem Bark4
Rolliniastatin-2Stem Bark4, 5
ReticullacinoneStem Bark4
CopaeneLeaf; Root; Bark8, 9
Rolliniastatin16
Squamosine16
BullatacinSeed; Bark3, 6
cis and trans-IsomurisoleninSeed3
SquamocinSeed3
AcetogeninsSeed17
Germacrene DFruit11
LimoneneFruit11
AnnomonicinLeaf5
SolaminLeaf5
SquamoneLeaf5
Annoreticuin-9-oneSeed; Leaf3, 5
cis-trans-BullactacinoneSeed3
SpathulenolLeaf; Root8
1H-cycloprop(e)azuleneBark9
ReticulatacinBark6
NorushinsunineRoot13
LiriodenineBark; Root6, 13
NeoannoninRoot13
BenzylisoquinolineSeed19
AporphineSeed19
alpha-PhellandreneLeaf10
trans-Sabinene hydrateLeaf10
PinocarvoneLeaf10
delta-TerpineolLeaf10
MyrtenolLeaf10
CuminaldehydeLeaf10
beta-CedreneLeaf10
SesquisabineneLeaf10
ar-CurcumeneLeaf10
ZingibereneLeaf10
(Ε)-gamma-BisaboleneLeaf10
ar-TurmeroneLeaf10
(6S,7R)-BisaboloneLeaf10
(Ε)-alpha-AtlantoneLeaf10
Adriamycin20
14-Hydroxy-25-desoxyrollinicinStem Bark7

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Bark
Ethanol Antitumor 5
Flower
Methanol Ehrlich-Lettre Ascites Carcinoma 4
Ether; Benzene; Chloroform; Ethanol; Methanol; Aqueous Antimicrobial 7
Methanol Cardioprotective 9
Flower Bud
Ethanol Antidiabetic 6
Leaf
Hexane; Dichloromethane; Methanol Antifungal 7
Methanol; Aqueous Anthelmintic 9
Seed; Flower
Methanol Antimicrobial 7
Methanol Anticancer 8
Alcoholic; Aqueous Antiulcerant 9
Whole Plant
Methanol Breast Cancer 3

References

  • 1 Wei, L.S., Wee, W., Siong, J.Y.F. and Syamsumir, D.F. (2011) Characterization of antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer property and chemical composition of Michelia champaca seed and flower extracts. Stamford Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 4, 19-24.
  • 2 ANANTHI, T., CHITRA, M. and ARUNA, B. IN-VITRO ANTICANCER ACTIVITY OF MICHELIA CHAMPACA L. FLOWERS AGAINST EHRLICH ASCITES CARCINOMA CELL LINE.
  • 3 Hoffmann, J.J., Torrance, S.J., Wiedhopf, R.M. and Cole, J.R. (1977) Cytotoxic agents from Michelia champaca and Talauma ovata: parthenolide and costunolide. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 66, 883-884.
  • 4 Jarald, E.E., Joshi, S.B. and Jain, D.C. (2008) Antidiabetic activity of flower buds of Michelia champaca Linn. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 40, 256-260.
  • 5 Rangasamy, O., Raoelison, G., Rakotoniriana, F.E., Cheuk, K., Urverg-Ratsimamanga, S., Quetin-Leclercq, J., Gurib-Fakim, A. and Subratty, A.H. (2007) Screening for anti-infective properties of several medicinal plants of the Mauritians flora. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 109, 331-337.
  • 6 Kumar, R.V., Kumar, S., Shashidhara, S., Anitha, S. and Manjula, M. (2011) Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of various extracts of Michelia champaca Linn flowers. World Applied Sciences Journal, 12, 413-418.
  • 7 Mullaicharam, A. and Kumar, M.S. (2011) Effect of Michelia champaca Linn on pylorous ligated rats.
  • 8 Dama, G., Bidkar, J., Deore, S., Jori, M. and Joshi, P. (2011) Helmintholytic activity of the methanolic and aqueous extracts of leaves of Michelia champaca. Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics, 3, 25-26.
  • 9 Kulkarni, S.S. (2012), KLE University, Belagavi, Karnataka.
  • 10 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
  • 11 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.