Cultivated all over the country
Native to the Mediterranean, Asia, and Africa
Botanical Description 16
The olive tree, is an evergreen tree or shrub. It is short and squat, and rarely exceeds 8–15 m (26–49 ft) in height. The leaves are silvery green in colour, oblong, measuring 4–10 cm (1.6–3.9 in) lon
Common Ethnobotanical Use 17
The oil from the pericarp is cholagogue, a nourishing demulcent, emollient and laxative. Eating the oil reduces gastric secretions and is therefore of benefit to patients suffering from hyperacidity. It is used externally to treat pruritis, the effects of stings or burns and as a vehicle for liniments and ointments. The oil can be used with alcohol and it is a good hair tonic and used with oil of rosemary it is a good treatment for dandruff. The leaves are antiseptic, astringent, febrifuge and sedative. A decoction is used in treating obstinate fevers, they also have a tranquillising effect on nervous tension and hypertension. Experimentally, they have been shown to decrease blood sugar. The bark is astringent, bitter and febrifuge. It is said to be a substitute for quinine in the treatment of malaria. In warm countries the bark exudes a gum-like substance that has been used as a vulnerary. The plant is used in 'Complete exhaustion' and 'Mental fatigue'.
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- 6 Sansone-Land, A., Takeoka, G.R. and Shoemaker, C.F. (2014) Volatile constituents of commercial imported and domestic black-ripe table olives (Olea europaea). Food chemistry, 149, 285-295.
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- 9 Markin, D., Duek, L. and Berdicevsky, I. (2003) In vitro antimicrobial activity of olive leaves. Mycoses, 46, 132-136.
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- 12 Khan, Y., Panchal, S., Vyas, N., Butani, A. and Kumar, V. (2007) Olea europaea: a phyto-pharmacological review. Pharmacognosy Reviews, 1, 114-118.
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- 15 Abdullah, A., Uddin, M.S., Wahid, F., Mohammed, A. and Rahman, M.M. (2016) Neurodefensive effect of Olea europaea L. in alloxan-induced cognitive dysfunction and brain tissue oxidative stress in mice: incredible natural nootropic. Journal of Neurology and Neuroscience, 7.
- 16 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
- 17 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.