Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze.
Apang, Gopali, and Gobura (Bengali), Dharboaring-shing (Chakma); Lan Da Jang, Tha Si (Marma)
More or less throughout the country in fallow lands.
Eastern Asia and naturalized on some Pacific islands
Botanical Description 18
A suffruticose, hirsute, pubescent or tomentose shrubby annual, Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze has 1-1.5 m high. Leaves aromatic, 2.5-7.5 cm long, ovate, acute, crenate-serrate, soft pubescent. Flowers
Common Ethnobotanical Use 19
Leaves of Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze. are chewed for toothache and applied for snake bites. Pounded root boiled with milk is taken to cure mouth abscess. Leaf juice is provided for fever and whooping cough of children. The plant has carminative, astringent and tonic properties; beneficial for uterine infection by the tribal in Khagrachari. Decoction of the plant is used in animal dysentery. Crushed leaves of the plant are useful to cure inflammation of neck of the bullock caused by cart pulling. The essential oil from leaves is beneficial in uterine affection. Root is used as antiallergic; cures sores and ulcers of the mouth. Leaf extract used for urinary complaints in Nepal. In Ayurveda, used for uterine affections.
|Plants Parts||Extract Type||Activity||Reference|
|Whole Plant; Leaf; Flower; Stem||
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- 3 Batish, D.R., Singh, H.P., Kaur, M., Kohli, R.K. and Singh, S. (2012) Chemical characterization and phytotoxicity of volatile essential oil from leaves of Anisomeles indica (Lamiaceae). Biochemical systematics and ecology, 41, 104-109.
- 4 Rao, L.J.M., Kumari, G.K. and Rao, N.P. (1983) 6-Methoxy flavones from Anisomeles ovata (syn. Anisomeles indica). Journal of Natural Products, 46, 595-595.
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- 9 Arisawa, M., Nimura, M., Ikeda, A., Hayashi, T., Morita, N., Momose, Y., Takeda, R. and Nakanishi, S.J.P.m. (1986) Biologically Active Macrocyclic Diterpenoids from Chinese Drug “Fáng Féng Cáo” I. Isolation and Structure1. 52, 38-41.
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- 11 Yadava, R. and Barsainya, D.J.A.s.o.l. (1998) Chemistry and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from Anisomeles indica (L). 18, 41.
- 12 Rao, Y.K., Fang, S.-H., Hsieh, S.-C., Yeh, T.-H. and Tzeng, Y.-M.J.J.o.E. (2009) The constituents of Anisomeles indica and their anti-inflammatory activities. 121, 292-296.
- 13 Hsieh, S.-C., Fang, S.-H., Rao, Y.K. and Tzeng, Y.-M. (2008) Inhibition of pro-inflammatory mediators and tumor cell proliferation by Anisomeles indica extracts. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 118, 65-70.
- 14 Liao, Y.-F., Rao, Y.K. and Tzeng, Y.-M. (2012) Aqueous extract of Anisomeles indica and its purified compound exerts anti-metastatic activity through inhibition of NF-κB/AP-1-dependent MMP-9 activation in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Food and chemical toxicology, 50, 2930-2936.
- 15 Dharmasiri, M., Ratnasooriya, W. and Thabrew, M. (2002) Anti-inflammatory activity of decoctions of leaves and stems of Anisomeles indica at preflowering and flowering stages. Pharmaceutical biology, 40, 433-439.
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- 17 Dharmasiri, M., Ratnasooriya, W. and Thabrew, M.I. (2003) Water extract of leaves and stems of preflowering but not flowering plants of Anisomeles indica possesses analgesic and antihyperalgesic activities in rats. Pharmaceutical biology, 41, 37-44.
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