Sesamum indicum L.
Sesamum orientale L
Til(Bengali), Kala Til(Bengali), Gaishya(Tanchangya), Sesame(English), Gingelly(English)
Cultivated in many districts including Chittagong Hill Tracts
Botanical Description 26
An erect annual Pubescent herb up to 1m high. Leaves 7.5-12.5cm long, simple and of various shape from ovate to linear. Flowers purple or whitish with purple or yellow marks, drooping, 2.5-3.2cm long,
Common Ethnobotanical Use 27
Seeds are tonic, laxative, emollient, demulcent, diuretic, nourishing, galactagogue, emmenagogue and aphrodisiac; removes constipation, thus helpful in piles. Powdered seeds are used in applied to burns and scald. Oil is widely used in pharmaceutical products; believed to promote the growth of hair. Infusion of the leaves is much used as a demulcent, also given as a remedy for disease of the respiratory tract. Every part of the plant is used as a diuretic in Cambodia. In Madagascar, every part of the plant is considered emollient and laxative.
|Plants Parts||Extract Type||Activity||Reference|
- 1 Dawodu, F., Ayodele, O. and Bolanle-Ojo, T. (2014) Biodiesel production from Sesamum indicum L. seed oil: An optimization study. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, 23, 191-199.
- 2 Nzikou, J., Matos, L., Bouanga-Kalou, G., Ndangui, C., Pambou-Tobi, N., Kimbonguila, A., Silou, T., Linder, M. and Desobry, S. (2009) Chemical composition on the seeds and oil of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) grown in Congo-Brazzaville. Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology, 1, 6-11.
- 3 Hasan, A.F., Furumoto, T., Begum, S. and Fukui, H. (2001) Hydroxysesamone and 2, 3-epoxysesamone from roots of Sesamum indicum. Phytochemistry, 58, 1225-1228.
- 4 BEGUM, S., FURUMOTO, T. and FUKUI, H. (2000) A new chlorinated red naphthoquinone from roots of Sesamum indicum. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 64, 873-874.
- 5 Furumoto, T., Iwata, M., Hasan, A.F. and Fukui, H. (2003) Anthrasesamones from roots of Sesamum indicum. Phytochemistry, 64, 863-866.
- 6 Furumoto, T., Takeuchi, A. and Fukui, H. (2006) Anthrasesamones D and E from Sesamum indicum roots. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 70, 1784-1785.
- 7 Furumoto, T. and Hoshikuma, A. (2011) Biosynthetic origin of 2-geranyl-1, 4-naphthoquinone and its related anthraquinone in a Sesamum indicum hairy root culture. Phytochemistry, 72, 871-874.
- 8 Manley, C., Vallon, P. and Erickson, R. (1974) Some aroma components of roasted sesame seed (Sesamum indicum L.). Journal of Food Science, 39, 73-76.
- 9 Grougnet, R., Magiatis, P., Mitaku, S., Terzis, A., Tillequin, F. and Skaltsounis, A.-L. (2006) New lignans from the perisperm of Sesamum indicum. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 54, 7570-7574.
- 10 Bahkali, A., Hussain, M. and Basahy, A. (1998) Protein and oil composition of sesame seeds (Sesamum indicum, L.) grown in the Gizan area of Saudi Arabia. International journal of food sciences and nutrition, 49, 409-414.
- 11 Jiao, Y., Davin, L.B. and Lewis, N.G. (1998) Furanofuran lignan metabolism as a function of seed maturation in Sesamum indicum: methylenedioxy bridge formation. Phytochemistry, 49, 387-394.
- 12 Suzuki, N., Miyase, T. and Ueno, A. (1993) Phenylethanoid glycosides of Sesamum indicum. Phytochemistry, 34, 729-732.
- 13 Kim, K.S. and Park, S.H. (2008) Anthrasesamone F from the seeds of black Sesamum indicum. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 72, 1626-1627.
- 14 Hu, Y., Wang, H., Ye, W. and Zhao, S. (2007) Flavones from flowers of Sesamum indicum. Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi= Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi= China journal of Chinese materia medica, 32, 603-605.
- 15 Hu, Y., Ye, W., Yin, Z. and Zhao, S. (2007) Chemical constituents from flos Sesamum indicum L. Yao xue xue bao= Acta pharmaceutica Sinica, 42, 286-291.
- 16 Miyahara, Y., Hibasami, H., Katsuzaki, H., Imai, K. and Komiya, T. (2001) Sesamolin from sesame seed inhibits proliferation by inducing apoptosis in human lymphoid leukemia Molt 4B cells. International journal of molecular medicine, 7, 369-371.
- 17 Takeuchi, H., Mooi, L.Y., Inagaki, Y. and He, P. (2001) Hypoglycemic effect of a hot-water extract from defatted sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) seed on the blood glucose level in genetically diabetic KK-Ay mice. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 65, 2318-2321.
- 18 Wikul, A., Damsud, T., Kataoka, K. and Phuwapraisirisan, P. (2012) (+)-Pinoresinol is a putative hypoglycemic agent in defatted sesame (Sesamum indicum) seeds though inhibiting α-glucosidase. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 22, 5215-5217.
- 19 Kumar, M. (2011) Hepatoprotective activity of Sesamum Indicum Linn. against Ccl4-induced hepatic damage in rats. International Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biological Archive, 2.
- 20 Bankole, M.A., Shittu, L.A., Ahmed, T.A., Bankole, M.N., Shittu, R.K., Terkula, K. and Ashiru, O.A. (2007) Synergistic antimicrobial activities of phytoestrogens in crude extracts of two sesame species against some common pathogenic microorganisms. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 4, 427-433.
- 21 Kiran, K. and Asad, M. (2008) Wound healing activity of Sesamum indicum L seed and oil in rats.
- 22 Biswas, A., Dhar, P. and Ghosh, S. (2010) Antihyperlipidemic effect of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) protein isolate in rats fed a normal and high cholesterol diet. Journal of food science, 75, H274-H279.
- 23 Monteiro, É.M.H., Chibli, L.A., Yamamoto, C.H., Pereira, M.C.S., Vilela, F.M.P., Rodarte, M.P., de Oliveira Pinto, M.A., da Penha Henriques do Amaral, M., Silvério, M.S. and de Matos Araújo, A.L.S. (2014) Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the sesame oil and sesamin. Nutrients, 6, 1931-1944.
- 24 Okwuosa, C., Okoi-Ewa, R., Achukwu, P., Onuba, A. and Azubuike, N. (2011) Gastro-protective effect of crude hexane leaf extract of Sesamum Indicum in Rabbits. Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences, 26.
- 25 Hsu, D.-Z., Chu, P.-Y. and Liu, M.-Y. (2011), Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention. Elsevier, pp. 1019-1027.
- 26 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
- 27 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.