Sweet Violet, Violet, Common Violet, or Garden Violet (English), Gulbanafsa (Hindi)
All over the Bangladesh
Viola odorata is indigenous to India and found in Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Kumaon hills. From old ages it has been grown in gardens.
Botanical Description 20
Viola odorata is 20-25 cm in height, spread 25-30 cm. Solitary blue, purple, yellow, white, or pink flowers are borne April-May on slender stalks that arise above a tuft of foliage. The half inchi wi
Common Ethnobotanical Use 21
Viola odorata is commonly used as remedy for coughs and sore throat, hoarseness and tonsillitis. The herb is valued as an expectorant, diaphoretic, antipyretic, diuretic and as a laxative, in bilious affections. The scent of violet flowers is distinctive with only a few other flowers having a remotely similar odour. V. odorata is used either alone or in mixture with other herbs for catarrhal and pulmonary troubles and for calculous affections. The pharmacological study revealed the role of Viola odorata in some Unani drugs for treatment of common cold, asthma, coughs and fevers.Recently, many scientist have reported the anticancer, antibacterial, antioxidant, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effect of various extract of Viola odorata.
|Plants Parts||Extract Type||Activity||Reference|
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- 2 Hammami, I., Kamoun, N. and Rebai, A. (2011) Biocontrol of Botrytis cinerea with essential oil and methanol extract of Viola odorata L. flowers. Arch. Appl. Sci. Res, 3, 44-51.
- 3 Akhbari, M., Batooli, H. and Kashi, F.J. (2012) Composition of essential oil and biological activity of extracts of Viola odorata L. from central Iran. Natural product research, 26, 802-809.
- 4 Mittal, S. (2013) Thin layer chromatography and high pressure liquid chromatography profiling of plant extracts of Viola odorata Linn. Int J Pharma Bio Sci, 4, B542-549.
- 5 Saint‐Lary, L., Roy, C., Paris, J.P., Tournayre, P., Berdagué, J.L., Thomas, O.P. and Fernandez, X. (2014) Volatile compounds of Viola odorata absolutes: identification of odorant active markers to distinguish plants originating from France and Egypt. Chemistry & biodiversity, 11, 843-860.
- 6 Brunke, E.-J., Rittler, F. and Schmaus, G. (1996) New data on trace components with sensory relevance in flower scents. DRAGOCO REPORT-ENGLISH EDITION-, 4-21.
- 7 Schmelzer, G. and Horsten, S. (2001), Medicinal and Poisonous Plants 2. Backhuys Publishers, pp. 578-581.
- 8 Rodrigues, V., Cardoso, C., Paixao, J. and Costa, M. (2007) 2, 2, 6, 6-Tetramethyl-4-oxopiperidinium nitrate. Acta Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications, 63, o243-o245.
- 9 Cu, J.Q., Perineau, F. and Gaset, A. (1992) Volatile components of violet leaves. Phytochemistry, 31, 571-573.
- 10 Alipanah, H., Bigdeli, M.R. and Esmaeili, M.A.J.I.j.o.p.r.I. (2018) Inhibitory Effect of Viola odorata Extract on Tumor Growth and Metastasis in 4T1 Breast Cancer Model. 17, 276.
- 11 Ansari, M., Rafiee, K., Yasa, N., Vardasbi, S., Naimi, S. and Nowrouzi, A.J.D.J.o.P.S. (2010) Measurement of melatonin in alcoholic and hot water extracts of Tanacetum parthenium, Tripleurospermum disciforme and Viola odorata. 18, 173.
- 12 Siddiqi, H.S., Mehmood, M.H., Rehman, N.U., Gilani, A.H.J.L.i.h. and disease. (2012) Studies on the antihypertensive and antidyslipidemic activities of Viola odorata leaves extract. 11, 6.
- 13 Qadir, M.I., Ali, M., Saleem, M. and Hanif, M.J.B.J.o.P. (2014) Hepatoprotective activity of aqueous methanolic extract of Viola odorata against paracetamol-induced liver injury in mice. 9, 198-202.
- 14 Koochek, M., Pipelzadeh, M., Mardani, H.J.J.o.h., spices and plants, m. (2003) The effectiveness of Viola odorata in the prevention and treatment of formalin-induced lung damage in the rat. 10, 95-103.
- 15 Khattak, S.G., Gilani, S.N. and Ikram, M.J.J.o.e. (1985) Antipyretic studies on some indigenous Pakistani medicinal plants. 14, 45-51.
- 16 Arora, D.S. and Kaur, G.J.J.J.o.n.m. (2007) Antibacterial activity of some Indian medicinal plants. 61, 313-317.
- 17 Gautam, S.S. and Kumar, S.J.P.o.t.N.A.o.S., India Section B: Biological Sciences. (2012) The antibacterial and phytochemical aspects of Viola odorata Linn. extracts against respiratory tract pathogens. 82, 567-572.
- 18 Amiri, M.S., Joharchi, M.R. and TaghavizadehYazdi, M.E.J.I.j.o.p.r.I. (2014) Ethno-medicinal plants used to cure jaundice by traditional healers of Mashhad, Iran. 13, 157.
- 19 Vishal, A., Parveen, K., Pooja, S., Kannappan, N. and Kumar, S.J.P.o. (2009) Diuretic, laxative and toxicity Studies of Viola odorata aerial parts. 1, 739-748.
- 20 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
- 21 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.