Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk.

Family: Urticaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Kanthal, Kathal (Bengali); Jaca Tree, Jack-fruit, Jack Wood (English) and Penieh (Mogh); Teprong (Garo).

Local Availability

Cultivated all over Bangladesh

Worldwide Availability

Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Brazil, Island.

Botanical Description 17

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk. Is medium-sized to large evergreen tree, with rather short trunk and large, dense, rounded crown. Leaves of the plant 10-20 cm long, elliptic, entire, thickly coriaceous

Common Ethnobotanical Use 18

The latex of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk is applied externally to glandular swelling and abscesses to promote suppuration. The young leaves of the plant are used in skin diseases. Roots are applied internally in diarrhoea. The unripe fruits are astringent, carminative and tonic; the ripe fruit is laxative, oleagenous, tonic, fattening and aphrodisiac. The seeds are diuretic, aphrodisiac and constipating. Roots are used in diarrhoea.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Hexadecanoic acidFruit1
Octadecanoic acidFruit1
RiboflavinFruit1
Oleic acidFruit1
Lauric acidFruit1
alpha-TocopherolFruit1
Myristic acidFruit1
Betulinic acidLeaf2
Beta-CaroteneSeed; Fruit1, 4, 5
Decanoic acidFruit1
Malic AcidFruit1
Citric AcidFruit1
ArtocarpineLeaf; Root Bark1, 2, 10
ArtocarpetinLeaf; Root Bark1, 2, 10
MorinLeaf1, 2
ArtocarpanoneLeaf; Root Bark1, 2, 3, 10
ArtocarpesinLeaf1, 2
Retinol1
ThiamineFruit1
alpha-CaroteneSeed; Fruit1, 4, 5
alpha-ZeacaroteneSeed; Fruit1, 4, 5
beta-ZeacaroteneSeed; Fruit1, 4, 5
Artonin ARoot Bark1, 3, 9
DihydromorinFruit1
Butyl isovalerateSeed; Fruit1
Butyl AcetateSeed; Fruit1
CynomacurinLeaf2
IsoartocarpinLeaf2
CyloartocarpinLeaf2
CycloheterophyllinLeaf2, 3
OxydihydroartocarpesinLeaf2
NorartocarpetinLeaf; Root Bark2, 10
CycloartinoneLeaf2
Cycloartomunin3
Cyclomorusin3
Dihydrocycloartomunin3
Dihydroisocycloartomunin3
Cudraflavone A3
Cyclocommunin3
Artomunoxanthone3
Artonin BRoot Bark3, 9
Artocarpanone ARoot Bark3, 10
Heteroflavanone ARoot Bark3, 8
Heterflavanone BRoot Bark3, 8
Heteroflavanone C3
n-octadec-9-enoyl alpha-L-rhamnopyranosideLeaf6
n-octadec-9,12-dienoyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosideLeaf6
n-octadec-9,12-dienoyl-beta-D-glucopyranosideLeaf6
n-octadec-9-enoyl-beta-D-glucopyranosideLeaf6
n-octadec-9-enoyl-beta-D-arabinopyranosideLeaf6
n-octadec-9-enoyl-alpha-D-xylopyranosideLeaf6
HeterophylolLeaf; Root2, 7, 10

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Fruit
Methanol; Hexane; Acetone Antiproliferative 11
Heartwood
Methanol Anticonvulsant 16
Leaf
Ethyl Acetate; Aqueous Antibacterial 14
Ethanol; n-Butanol; Aqueous; Chloroform; Ethyl Acetate Antidiabetic 15
Tegmen
Methanol Cervical Cancer 13
Wood
Ethanol Lung Cancer 12
Ethanol Breast Cancer 12

References

  • 1 Tejpal, A. and Amrita, P. www. ijrap. net.
  • 2 Prakash, O., Kumar, A. and Kumar, P. (2013) Screening of Analgesic and Immunomodulator activity of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Leaves (Jackfruit) in Mice. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 1.
  • 3 Wei, B.-L., Weng, J.-R., Chiu, P.-H., Hung, C.-F., Wang, J.-P. and Lin, C.-N. (2005) Antiinflammatory flavonoids from Artocarpus heterophyllus and Artocarpus communis. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 53, 3867-3871.
  • 4 Baliga, M.S., Shivashankara, A.R., Haniadka, R., Dsouza, J. and Bhat, H.P. (2011) Phytochemistry, nutritional and pharmacological properties of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam (jackfruit): A review. Food Research International, 44, 1800-1811.
  • 5 Chandrika, U., Jansz, E. and Warnasuriya, N. (2005) Analysis of carotenoids in ripe jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) kernel and study of their bioconversion in rats. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 85, 186-190.
  • 6 SHAHIN, N., KAZMI, I. and ALI, M. GLYCOSIDES FROM THE LEAVES OF ARTOCARPUS HETEROPHYLLUS LAM.
  • 7 Chun-Nan, L. and Chai-Ming, L. (1993) Heterophylol, a phenolic compound with novel skeleton from Artocarpus heterophyllus. Tetrahedron letters, 34, 8249-8250.
  • 8 Chai-Ming, L. and Chun-Nan, L. (1993) Two 2′, 4′, 6′-trioxygenated flavanones from Artocarpus heterophyllus. Phytochemistry, 33, 909-911.
  • 9 Chung, M.-I., Lu, C.-M., Huang, P.-L. and Lin, C.-N. (1995) Prenylflavonoids of Artocarpus heterophyllus. Phytochemistry, 40, 1279-1282.
  • 10 Lin, C.-N., Lu, C.-M. and Huang, P.-L. (1995) Flavonoids from Artocarpus heterophyllus. Phytochemistry, 39, 1447-1451.
  • 11 Ruiz-Montanez, G., Burgos-Hernandez, A., Calderon-Santoyo, M., Lopez-Saiz, C., Velazquez-Contreras, C., Navarro-Ocana, A. and Ragazzo-Sánchez, J. (2015) Screening antimutagenic and antiproliferative properties of extracts isolated from Jackfruit pulp (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam). Food chemistry, 175, 409-416.
  • 12 Zheng, Z.-P., Xu, Y., Qin, C., Zhang, S., Gu, X., Lin, Y., Xie, G., Wang, M. and Chen, J. (2014) Characterization of antiproliferative activity constituents from Artocarpus heterophyllus. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62, 5519-5527.
  • 13 Rajendran, N.K. and Jayapradha, R. (2010) Polyphenol analysis and anti-tumor activity of crude extracts from tegmen of Artocarpus heterophyllus. Medicinal Plants, 2, 63-66.
  • 14 Loizzo, M., Tundis, R., Chandrika, U., Abeysekera, A., Menichini, F. and Frega, N. (2010) Antioxidant and antibacterial activities on foodborne pathogens of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.(Moraceae) leaves extracts. Journal of food Science, 75.
  • 15 Omar, H.S., El-Beshbishy, H.A., Moussa, Z., Taha, K.F. and Singab, A.N.B. (2011) Antioxidant activity of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.(Jack Fruit) leaf extracts: remarkable attenuations of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. The Scientific World Journal, 11, 788-800.
  • 16 Jain, A., Tote, M., Mahire, N., Undale, V. and Bhosale, A. (2009) Evaluation of anticonvulsant activity of methanolic extract of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.(Moraceae) in mice. Journal of Pharmacy Research, 2, 1004-1007.
  • 17 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
  • 18 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.