Bauhinia variegate

Family: Caesalpiniaceae

Synonyms

Phanera variegata (L.) Benth, Bauhinia alba Wall, Bauhinia candida Aiton, Bauhinia variegata L. var. candida (Aiton) Corner , Bauhinia variegata L. var. chinensis DC.

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Raktakanchan (Bengali), Orchid tree(English), Tulla(Bengali), Kanchan (Bengali).Camel's foot tree(English),Mountain-ebony (English), Butterfly tree (English), Poor man's orchid (English), Kachnar (Hindi)

Local Availability

Commonly planted as an ornamental plant

Worldwide Availability

It is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia, from southern China, Burma, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka

Botanical Description 18

Bauhinia variegata is a moderate sized deciduous tree grows 10-12 meters(33–39 ft) tall and 3-6 meters(10-20 ft) wide with a spreading crown of briefly deciduous leaves which are 4-6 in (10-15 cm) acr

Common Ethnobotanical Use 19

Bark is used for the treatment of skin diseases, scrofula and ulcers. Also used to treat obesity and diarrhea.Decoction of bark is very effective in tonsillitis and thyroid related problems. It is also used as scrapping herb to reduce extra fat in obese people.It is used to relieve painful urination and other infections related to urinary tract. The dried buds are used in the treatment of piles, dysentery, diarrhea and worms. Extract of leaves improves liver functioning and gives wonderful results in jaundice. It's is used to maintain proper metabolism and functioning of liver. Root is used as an antidote to snake poison. Decoction of the root used for dyspepsia.Bitter taste flowers of this miraculous tree are natural blood purifier and help to expel out extra toxins and waste from blood. It is anti-diabetic herb for the suffers of diabetes with good hypoglycemic activities. It is also very effective for the sufferers of hemorrhoids.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
LupeolStem1, 2
beta-sitosterolStem1, 2
Quercetin1
RhamnetinRoot Bark4
Rutin1
Quercitrin1
Kaempferol-3-O-beta-glucopyranoside Aerial; Root Bark1, 3, 4
Apigenin1
Isorhamnetin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideAerial3
HesperidinAerial3
4',7-DimethylquercetinAerial3
Apigenin-7-O-glucoside1
Vitamin CLeaf1, 8
Heptatriacontan-12,13-di-olLeaf1, 5
2,7-Dimethoxy-3-methyl-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene-1,4-dione6
3beta-trans-(3,4-dihydroxycinnamoyloxy)olean-12-en-28-oic acidAerial3
(2S)-5,7-dimethoxy-3',4'-methylenedioxyflavanoneRoot Bark4
5,6-dihydro-1,7-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxy-2-methyldibenz [b,f]oxepinRoot Bark4
Dotetracont-15-en-9-olLeaf1, 5
Kaempferol 7,4'-dimethyl ether 3-O-beta -D-glucopyranosideAerial; Root Bark3, 4
5-Hydroxy7,3’,4’.5’-tetra-methoxyflavone 5-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyL(1→2)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosideSeed7
5,7-dimethoxy flavanone 4'-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosideStem2

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Bark
Petroleum Ether Antibacterial 12
Aqueous; Chloroform Anthelmintic 16
Leaf
Aqueous Ovarian Cancer 9
Aqueous Prostate Cancer 9
Aqueous Lung Cancer 9
Aqueous Breast Cancer 9
Aqueous Leukemia 9
Ethanol Dalton's Ascites Lymphoma 10
Methanol Antifungal 11
Ethanol Antibacterial 9
Methanol Anthelmintic 15
Leaf; Stem Bark; Flower
Hydromethanol Antibacterial 13
Root
Ethanol; Aqueous Cardioprotective 17
Stem Bark
Ethanol; Aqueous Antidiabetic 14

References

  • 1 Modh, K.M., Parmar, P.T., Panigrahi, B., Anand, I.S. and Patel, C.N. (2011) Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical Evaluation of Leaves of Bauhinia variegata Linn. Pharmacognosy Journal, 3, 45-49.
  • 2 Gupta, A., Vidyapati, T. and Chauhan, J. (1980) Chemical examination of the stem of Bauhinia variegata Pl. Med, 38, 174-176.
  • 3 Rao, Y.K., Fang, S.H. and Tzeng, Y.M. (2008) Antiinflammatory activities of flavonoids and a triterpene caffeate isolated from Bauhinia variegata. Phytotherapy research, 22, 957-962.
  • 4 Reddy, M.V., Reddy, M.K., Gunasekar, D., Caux, C. and Bodo, B. (2003) A flavanone and a dihydrodibenzoxepin from Bauhinia variegata. Phytochemistry, 64, 879-882.
  • 5 Singh, R. and Pandey, H. (2006) Two new long chain compounds from Bauhinia variegata Linn.
  • 6 Zhao, Y.-Y., Cui, C.-B., Cai, B., Han, B. and Sun, Q.-S. (2005) A new phenanthraquinone from the stems of Bauhinia variegata L.
  • 7 Yadava, R. and Reddy, V. (2001) A new flavone glycoside, 5-hydroxy 7, 3′, 4′, 5′-tetra-methoxyflavone 5-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1→ 2)-α-L-rhamnopyranoside from Bauhinia variegata Linn. Journal of Asian natural products research, 3, 341-346.
  • 8 Sharma, D., Gill, R., Chander, S. and Negi, S. (1966) Chemical composition of some fodder tree leaves in the Kangra District. Journal of Research-Punjab Agricultural University, 3, 438-442.
  • 9 Mishra, A., Sharma, A.K., Kumar, S., Saxena, A.K. and Pandey, A.K. (2013) Bauhinia variegata leaf extracts exhibit considerable antibacterial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. BioMed Research International, 2013.
  • 10 Rajkapoor, B., Jayakar, B. and Murugesh, N. (2003) Antitumour activity of Bauhinia variegata on Dalton’s ascitic lymphoma. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 89, 107-109.
  • 11 Gunalan, G., Saraswathy, A. and Krishnamurthy, V. (2011) Antimicrobial activity of medicinal plant Bauhinia variegata Linn. International Journal of Pharma and Biological Sciences, 1, 400-408.
  • 12 Parekh, J., Karathia, N. and Chanda, S. (2006) Evaluation of antibacterial activity and phytochemical analysis of Bauhinia variegata L. bark. African Journal of Biomedical Research, 9.
  • 13 Pandey, S. (2015) Preliminary phytochemical screening and in vitro antibacterial activity of Bauhinia variegata Linn. against human pathogens. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 5, 123-129.
  • 14 Kumar, P., Baraiya, S., Gaidhani, S., Gupta, M. and Wanjari, M.M. (2012) Antidiabetic activity of stem bark of Bauhinia variegata in alloxan-induced hyperglycemic rats. Journal of pharmacology & pharmacotherapeutics, 3, 64.
  • 15 Singh, A., Bhardwaj, P., Varshneya, C. and Telang, R. (2005) Anthelmintic activity of leaves of Bauhinia variegata. Indian Veterinary Journal, 82, 855.
  • 16 Bairagi, S.M., Abhijeet, A. and Knimase, P. (2012) In vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Bauhinia variegata Bark (Leguminoseae).
  • 17 Sharma, R.K., Sharma, A.K. and Mohan, G. (2013) Evaluation of Cardioprotective Activity of Aqueous and Ethanolic Extract of Bauhinia Variegata in Cacl2 Induced Arrhythmia in Albino Rats.
  • 18 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
  • 19 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.