Abrus precatorius L.
Kunch (Bengali), Ratti (Bengali), Jequirity (English), Crab’s eye (English), Sarakao (Trible)
All over Bangladesh on bushes and fences.
The plant is native to India, Sri Lanka and grows in tropical and subtropical areas of the world where it has been introduced.
Botanical Description 14
Abrus precatorius l. is a slender, twining, branched, annual vine that reaches a length of 9 meters or less. It is sparingly hairy or nearly smooth. . Leaves peripinnate, 5-10 cm long and compounded i
Common Ethnobotanical Use 15
Abrus precatorius L. is traditionally used to treat tetanus, and to prevent rabies. The plant is also used to treat scratches and sores and wounds caused by dogs, cats and mice, and are also treat leucoderma combining with other ingredients. Seeds are used locally in sciatica, stiffness, of the shoulder joint, paralysis and other nervous disease; also said to be purgative, tonic, antiphlogistic, aphroadisiac, aphrodisiac. Paste of roots is useful to cure abdominal pain and tumor.
|Plants Parts||Extract Type||Activity||Reference|
- 1 Ragasa, C.Y., Lorena, G.S., Mandia, E.H., Raga, D.D. and Shen, C.-C. (2013) Chemical constituents of Abrus precatorius. Amer J Essent Oils Nat Prod, 1, 7-10.
- 2 Choi, Y.-H., Hussain, R.A., Pezzuto, J.M., Kingborn, A.D. and Morton, J.F. (1989) Abrusosides AD, four novel sweet-tasting triterpene glycosides from the leaves of Abrus precatorius. Journal of natural products, 52, 1118-1127.
- 3 NAKAMURA, N. and HATTORI, M. (1998) Saponins and C-glycosyl flavones from the seeds of Abrus precatorius. Chemical and pharmaceutical bulletin, 46, 982-987.
- 4 KINJO, J., MATSUMOTO, K., INOUE, M., TAKESHITA, T. and NOHARA, T. (1991) A New Sapogenol and Other Constituents in Abri Semen, the Seeds of Abrus precatorius L. I. Chemical and pharmaceutical bulletin, 39, 116-119.
- 5 Garaniya, N. and Bapodra, A.J.A.P.j.o.t.b. (2014) Ethno botanical and Phytophrmacological potential of Abrus precatorius L.: A review. 4, S27-S34.
- 6 Garaniya, N. and Bapodra, A. (2014) Ethno botanical and Phytophrmacological potential of Abrus precatorius L.: A review. Asian Pacific journal of tropical biomedicine, 4, S27-S34.
- 7 Gul, M.Z., Ahmad, F., Kondapi, A.K., Qureshi, I.A. and Ghazi, I.A. (2013) Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of Abrus precatorius leaf extracts-an in vitro study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 13, 53.
- 8 Sofi, M.S., Sateesh, M., Bashir, M., Harish, G., Lakshmeesha, T., Vedashree, S. and Vedamurthy, A. (2013) Cytotoxic and pro-apoptotic effects of Abrus precatorius L. on human metastatic breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231. Cytotechnology, 65, 407-417.
- 9 Nwanjo, H. (2008) Hypoglycemic and Hypolipidemic effects of aqueous extracts of Abrus precatorius Linn seeds in streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats. Journal of herbs, spices & medicinal plants, 14, 68-76.
- 10 Adelowotan, O., Aibinu, I. and Adenipekun, E. (2008) The In-Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Abrus precatorius. Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, 15, 33.
- 11 Georgewill, U. and Georgewill, O. (2009) Antiarthritic activity of Abrus precatorius in Albino rats. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Allied Sciences, 6.
- 12 Taur, D.J., Patil, R.N. and Patil, R.Y. (2017) Antiasthmatic related properties of Abrus precatorius leaves on various models. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 7, 428-432.
- 13 Taur, D. and Patil, R. (2011) Mast cell stabilizing and antiallergic activity of Abrus precatorius in the management of asthma. Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine, 4, 46-49.
- 14 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
- 15 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.