Abrus precatorius L.

Family: Fabaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Kunch (Bengali), Ratti (Bengali), Jequirity (English), Crab’s eye (English), Sarakao (Trible)

Local Availability

All over Bangladesh on bushes and fences.

Worldwide Availability

The plant is native to India, Sri Lanka and grows in tropical and subtropical areas of the world where it has been introduced.

Botanical Description 14

Abrus precatorius l. is a slender, twining, branched, annual vine that reaches a length of 9 meters or less. It is sparingly hairy or nearly smooth. . Leaves peripinnate, 5-10 cm long and compounded i

Common Ethnobotanical Use 15

Abrus precatorius L. is traditionally used to treat tetanus, and to prevent rabies. The plant is also used to treat scratches and sores and wounds caused by dogs, cats and mice, and are also treat leucoderma combining with other ingredients. Seeds are used locally in sciatica, stiffness, of the shoulder joint, paralysis and other nervous disease; also said to be purgative, tonic, antiphlogistic, aphroadisiac, aphrodisiac. Paste of roots is useful to cure abdominal pain and tumor.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
OctadecaneSeed5
EicosaneSeed5
HeneicosaneSeed5
DocosaneSeed5
PentacosaneSeed5
DecanolSeed5
DodecanolSeed5
n-HexadecaneSeed5
AbrusogeninPericrap; Leaf1, 2
N,N,N-Trimethyl tryptophanSeed3, 4
AbrineSeed3, 4
4',5,7-Trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavoneSeed3
4',5-Dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavoneSeed3
Abrusin Seed3, 4
Phaseoside IVSeed3
Kaikasaponin IIISeed3
Kaikasaponin ISeed3
Abrus-saponin ISeed3
Abrus-saponin IISeed3
Precatorin ISeed3
Precatorin IISeed3
Precatorin IIISeed3
Abrisapogenol JSeed4
SophoradiolSeed4
Abrisapogenol GSeed4
Hederagenin methyl esterSeed4
Abruslactone ASeed5
TrigonellineSeed5
Hemiphloin Seed5
Abrusoside A Leaf2
Abrusoside CLeaf2
Abrusoside DLeaf2
ArabinoseSeed5
GalactoseSeed5
XyloseSeed5
CholineSeed5
HypaphorineSeed5
PrecatorineSeed5
GlycyrrhizinSeed5
InositolSeed5
PinitolSeed5
Abrusgenic acidSeed5
Methyl abrusgenateSeed5
AnthocyaninSeed5
CampesterolSeed5
CycloartenolSeed5
DelphinidinSeed5
Gallic-acidSeed5
N,N Dimethyl-tryptophanSeed5
N,N-Dimethyl-tryptophan-metho-cationSeed5
PectinSeed5
PentosanSeed5
Polygalacturonic acidSeed5
Abruquinone ASeed5
Abruquinone BSeed5
Abruquinone CSeed5
Abruquinone DSeed5
Abruquinone ESeed5
Abruquinone FSeed5
Oleanolic acidSeed5
beta-AmyrinSeed5
Arachidyl alcoholSeed5
BrassicasterolSeed5
Docos-13-enoic acidSeed5
Docosan-1-olSeed5
DotriacontaneSeed5
Eicos-11-enoic acidSeed5
Heneicosan-1-olSeed5
Lignoceric acidSeed5
Heptacosan-1-olSeed5
Heptadecan-1-olSeed5
HexacosaneSeed5
n-Hexacosan-1-olSeed5
Hexadec-9-enoic acidSeed5
n-Hexadecan-1-olSeed5
NonacosaneSeed5
Nonadecan-1-olSeed5
Octacosan-1-olSeed5
OctacosaneSeed5
Octadeca-9,12-dienoic acidSeed5
n-Octanoic acidSeed5
Pentacosan-1-olSeed5
n-PentatriacontaneSeed5
Pentadecan-1-olSeed5
SqualeneSeed5
AbrectorinSeed5
CentaureidinSeed5
LuteolinSeed5
OrientinSeed5
IsoorientinSeed5
Kaikasaponin III methyl esterSeed3
Sophoradiol 22-O-acetateSeed4
7,5-Dihydroxy-6,4'-Dimethoxy-isoflavone-7-O-beta-D-galactopyranosideSeed5

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Leaf
Hexane; Ethyl Acetate; Ethanol; Aqueous Colon Cancer 7
Hexane; Ethyl Acetate; Ethanol; Aqueous Retinoblastoma 7
Hexane; Ethyl Acetate; Ethanol; Aqueous Leukemia 7
Hexane; Ethyl Acetate; Ethanol; Aqueous Liver Cancer 7
Aqueous Breast Cancer 8
Aqueous Antiarthritic 11
Ethanol Antiasthmatic 12
Seed
Aqueous Antidiabetic 9
Methanol Antibacterial 10

References

  • 1 Ragasa, C.Y., Lorena, G.S., Mandia, E.H., Raga, D.D. and Shen, C.-C. (2013) Chemical constituents of Abrus precatorius. Amer J Essent Oils Nat Prod, 1, 7-10.
  • 2 Choi, Y.-H., Hussain, R.A., Pezzuto, J.M., Kingborn, A.D. and Morton, J.F. (1989) Abrusosides AD, four novel sweet-tasting triterpene glycosides from the leaves of Abrus precatorius. Journal of natural products, 52, 1118-1127.
  • 3 NAKAMURA, N. and HATTORI, M. (1998) Saponins and C-glycosyl flavones from the seeds of Abrus precatorius. Chemical and pharmaceutical bulletin, 46, 982-987.
  • 4 KINJO, J., MATSUMOTO, K., INOUE, M., TAKESHITA, T. and NOHARA, T. (1991) A New Sapogenol and Other Constituents in Abri Semen, the Seeds of Abrus precatorius L. I. Chemical and pharmaceutical bulletin, 39, 116-119.
  • 5 Garaniya, N. and Bapodra, A.J.A.P.j.o.t.b. (2014) Ethno botanical and Phytophrmacological potential of Abrus precatorius L.: A review. 4, S27-S34.
  • 6 Garaniya, N. and Bapodra, A. (2014) Ethno botanical and Phytophrmacological potential of Abrus precatorius L.: A review. Asian Pacific journal of tropical biomedicine, 4, S27-S34.
  • 7 Gul, M.Z., Ahmad, F., Kondapi, A.K., Qureshi, I.A. and Ghazi, I.A. (2013) Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of Abrus precatorius leaf extracts-an in vitro study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 13, 53.
  • 8 Sofi, M.S., Sateesh, M., Bashir, M., Harish, G., Lakshmeesha, T., Vedashree, S. and Vedamurthy, A. (2013) Cytotoxic and pro-apoptotic effects of Abrus precatorius L. on human metastatic breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231. Cytotechnology, 65, 407-417.
  • 9 Nwanjo, H. (2008) Hypoglycemic and Hypolipidemic effects of aqueous extracts of Abrus precatorius Linn seeds in streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats. Journal of herbs, spices & medicinal plants, 14, 68-76.
  • 10 Adelowotan, O., Aibinu, I. and Adenipekun, E. (2008) The In-Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Abrus precatorius. Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, 15, 33.
  • 11 Georgewill, U. and Georgewill, O. (2009) Antiarthritic activity of Abrus precatorius in Albino rats. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Allied Sciences, 6.
  • 12 Taur, D.J., Patil, R.N. and Patil, R.Y. (2017) Antiasthmatic related properties of Abrus precatorius leaves on various models. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 7, 428-432.
  • 13 Taur, D. and Patil, R. (2011) Mast cell stabilizing and antiallergic activity of Abrus precatorius in the management of asthma. Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine, 4, 46-49.
  • 14 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
  • 15 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.