Colocasia esculenta Linn.
Kachu (Bengali), Taro (England), Sato imo (Japanese), Aro (Spanish), Lao hu guang cai (Chinese), Kolokasie (German), Alu (Indian).
In most of the districts, cultivated and wild.
It is a wild plant and cultivated throughout the hotter parts of India and Ceylon. It is cultivated in all hot countries.
Botanical Description 15
The plant tall herb which has tuberous stem in underground, erect petiole; about 1.2 m in length, lamina peltate-ovate. At the base cordate is up to 50 cm long. Spathe is 15-35 cm long, pale yellow, l
Common Ethnobotanical Use 16
Petioles of the plants used to make juice which is stimulant, styptic and rubefacient applied in athlet’s foot to stop bleeding from cuts. Leaves are mostly used in cancer as juice, in ulcerated polyp, tumours, cancer of nose and warts. Corm juice is used in piles, congestion of the portal system, laxative and alopecia.
- 1 Prajapati, R., Kalariya, M., Umbarkar, R., Parmar, S. and Sheth, N. (2011) Colocasia esculenta: A potent indigenous plant. International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases, 1, 90.
- 2 Maga, J. and Liu, M. (1994). ACS Publications.
- 3 Kim, K.H., Moon, E., Kim, S.Y. and Lee, K.R. (2010) Lignans from the tuber-barks of Colocasia antiquorum var. esculenta and their antimelanogenic activity. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 58, 4779-4785.
- 4 Leong, A.C.-N., Kinjo, Y., Tako, M., Iwasaki, H., Oku, H. and Tamaki, H. (2010) Flavonoid glycosides in the shoot system of Okinawa Taumu (Colocasia esculenta S.). Food Chemistry, 119, 630-635.
- 5 MacLeod, G. (1990) Combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometric analysis of the aroma components of cooked taro (Colocasia esculenta L.). Food chemistry, 38, 89-96.
- 6 Ferreres, F., Gonçalves, R.F., Gil-Izquierdo, A., Valentão, P., Silva, A.M., Silva, J.o.B., Santos, D. and Andrade, P.B. (2012) Further knowledge on the phenolic profile of Colocasia esculenta (L.) Shott. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 60, 7005-7015.
- 7 Terasawa, N., Saotome, A., Tachimura, Y., Mochizuki, A., Ono, H., Takenaka, M. and Murata, M. (2007) Identification and some properties of anthocyanin isolated from Zuiki, stalk of Colocasia esculenta. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 55, 4154-4159.
- 8 Brown, A.C., Reitzenstein, J.E., Liu, J. and Jadus, M.R. (2005) The anti‐cancer effects of poi (Colocasia esculenta) on colonic adenocarcinoma cells In vitro. Phytotherapy Research, 19, 767-771.
- 9 Malviya, J. and Joshi, V. (2016) Anticancer Activity Evaluation and Some Indian Medicinal Plants from Amarkantak Mekal Plateau Madhya Pradesh, India. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, 5, 478-483.
- 10 Dutta, S. and Aich, B. (2017) STUDY OF ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES OF COLOCASIA ESCULENTA LINN. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 8, 1184.
- 11 Nakade, D., Mahesh, S., Kiran, N. and Vinayak, S. (2013) Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of western region wild leaf of Colocasia esculenta. Int Res J Biol Sci, 2, 18-21.
- 12 Singh, B., Namrata, K.L. and Dwivedi, S. (2011) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of Colocasia esculenta aqueous extract: an edible plant. J Pharm Res, 4, 1459.
- 13 Kumawat, N., Chaudhari, S., Wani, N., Deshmukh, T. and Patil, V. (2010) Antidiabetic activity of ethanol extract of Colocasia esculenta leaves in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Int J Pharm Tech Res, 2, 1246-1249.
- 14 Kubde, M.S., Khadabadi, S., Farooqui, I. and Deore, S. (2010) In-vitro anthelmintic activity of Colocasia esculenta. Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2, 82-85.
- 15 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
- 16 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.