Coriandrum sativum Linn.

Family: Apiaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Dhane (Bengali), Cilantro (English), Yuan-sui (Chinese), Böbberli (German), Coriandolo (Italian), Koendoro (Japanese), Dhaniyaa (Hindi).

Local Availability

Cultivated throughout the Bangladesh.

Worldwide Availability

Cultivated in the lowlands, popular among Chinese gardeners. Grows best in the Baguio area. Apparently indigenous in the Mediterranean region and the Caucasus. 

Botanical Description 50

Coriandrum sativum is an erect harb, annual aromatics, usually 50 cm in high. Two kinds of leaves, lower ones petioled, incised-dentate segments, pinnatisect into 2-3 pairs of ovate-cuneiform, while

Common Ethnobotanical Use 51

Dried fruit is generally suggested in asthenia of children and aged people, is anti-inflammatory, antiscorbutic, antirheumatic, the fruit is taken internally. Moreover, the fruit is refrigerant, aphrodisiac, tonic, laxative, diuretic, stomachic, digestive, carminative, and stimulant. Fruits are also recommended in fever are known to increase appetite, correct foul breath. Seeds are useful to prevent griping and in dyspepsia. The leaves are hypnotic, analgesic, carminative and antibilious. Leaves are also useful in suppuration, inflammation, gleet, jaundice, hiccup, stomatisis, bleeding from the gums the gums, scabies and tuberculous glands. The leaves are also shows cooling effect in headache. Infusion of the plant is used to gentle remedy for cramps, bloating and flatulence.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Quercetin 3-O-glucosideVegetative; Fruit22
3-MethylbutanalSeed27
HexanalSeed31
2-Furaldehyde37
LimoneneSeed; Fruit; Aerial; Leaf1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 12, 16, 17, 23, 25, 27, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35
1,8-CineoleSeed; Leaf; Fruit; Root1, 3, 6, 7, 12, 13, 27, 32
LinaloolSeed; Leaf3, 6, 8, 15, 18
NonanalStem; Seed; Leaf1, 8, 13, 18, 31, 32
alpha-TerpineolSeed; Fruit; Root1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 10, 12, 13, 19, 25, 27, 29, 32, 33
p-Cymen-8-olFruit17
CitronellolSeed; Fruit1, 3, 4, 12, 25, 27, 31
NeralSeed; Fruit2, 12, 31
p-VinylguaiacolSeed1
EugenolSeed; Fruit; Root2, 3, 7, 12, 13, 17, 33
beta-Caryophyllene Seed2
Octadecane39, 40
NonadecaneSeed4
Methyl hexadecanoateStem18
EicosaneFruit19
HeneicosaneSeed5
PentacosaneSeed1
Carveol Seed1, 3
Stigmasterol39, 40
Hexadecanoic acidStem; Seed; Leaf; Fruit3, 18, 34
beta-sitosterol38
Daucosterol37
HyperosideGrass9
7-Hydroxy-6-methoxychromen-2-oneGrass9
OctanolSeed; Leaf1, 8, 23, 29, 31
DecanolSeed; Leaf5, 6, 8, 18, 20
Nonanoic acidSeed; Leaf1, 3, 14
Linoleic acid30
beta-FarneseneSeed3
DodecanolStem; Leaf; Fruit18, 19
NerolidolSeed3
Octadecanoic acidSeed1, 25
Ethyl hexadecanoateStem18
delta-CadineneSeed5, 27
beta-BisaboleneSeed3, 27
(E,E)-alpha-farneseneSeed; Leaf3, 23
SabineneSeed; Fruit1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, 17, 25, 27, 31, 32, 34
6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-oneSeed27
gamma-TerpineneSeed; Fruit; Leaf1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 12, 14, 17, 19, 20, 23, 25, 27, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34
n-UndecaneFruit34
CamphorSeed; Fruit; Root; Aerial; Leaf1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, 13, 16, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35
MentholSeed; Fruit2, 12, 29
4-TerpineolSeed; Fruit2, 3, 5, 12
n-DodecaneFruit34
DecanalSeed; Leaf; Root; Aerial; Fruit; Stem3, 5, 6, 8, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 25, 29, 31, 32, 34, 35
CarvoneSeed; Leaf; Fruit1, 2, 6, 12, 17
GeraniolSeed; Fruit; Leaf1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, 14, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33
Linalool acetateFruit; Root; Aerial13, 16, 17, 35
(E)-2-decenalSeed; Leaf1, 6, 8
ThymolSeed; Fruit2, 5, 7, 12, 17, 34
UndecanalSeed; Leaf; Root; Stem; Fruit3, 5, 6, 8, 13, 18, 19, 25, 27, 29, 34
Methyl geranateSeed3
Myrtenyl acetateSeed3, 4, 14, 15
beta-ElemeneSeed3
n-TetradecaneFruit19, 34
DodecanalStem; Leaf; Root; Fruit; Seed3, 5, 6, 8, 13, 18, 21, 25, 34
alpha-HumuleneLeaf3
Germacrene DSeed2
BicyclogermacreneSeed25
Caryophyllene oxideSeed; Fruit1, 7, 10, 14, 27
n-HexadecaneFruit34
TetradecanalStem; Seed; Leaf; Root; Fruit5, 6, 13, 14, 18, 25, 34
n-Heptadecane39, 40
Epi-alpha-bisabolol39, 40
Campesterol39, 40
Gallic-acidGrass9
Arachidyl alcoholLeaf6
n-Hexadecan-1-olLeaf3
n-Octanoic acidSeed; Leaf1, 3
Pentadecan-1-olLeaf18
LuteolinGrass9
OrientinGrass9
QuercetinGrass9
CaryophylleneSeed; Fruit3, 5, 7, 14
Vanillic acid38
ChrysoeriolGrass9
ScoparoneWhole Plant24
SyringaldehydeWhole Plant24
trans-p-Coumaric acidVegetative; Fruit22
p-Hydroxybenzoic acid38
Linolenic acid37
Oleic acidLeaf3, 30
(+)-CatechinGrass9
Rhamnetin38
Lauric acidSeed; Leaf1, 3, 14
D-Mannitol37
4-HydroxyphenylethanolWhole Plant24
RutinGrass; Vegetative; Fruit9, 22, 36
UmbelliferoneGrass9
Caffeic acidGrass; Vegetative; Fruit9, 22
Protocatechuic acid38
VitexinGrass9
NicotiflorinVegetative; Fruit22
PhytolStem; Leaf18
ChlorogenateWhole Plant37, 38
beta-PineneSeed; Fruit; Root; Leaf1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 17, 19, 23, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34
alpha-PineneSeed; Leaf; Fruit; Root; Aerial; Leaf2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16, 17, 20, 23, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35
beta-SesquiphellandreneSeed3, 27
OcimeneSeed3
NerolSeed; Fruit2, 4, 7, 12, 17, 25, 27, 31, 34
cis-NerolidolSeed5
CampheneSeed; Fruit3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 14, 17, 19, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32
TricycleneFruit17
delta-3-CareneSeed27
MyrceneSeed; Fruit1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 10, 17, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34
beta-PhellandreneAerial; Seed16, 31, 35
2-HexenalLeaf8
p-CymeneSeed6
TerpinoleneFruit19
(Z)-3-Hexenol30
cis-Sabinene hydrateSeed4
Bornyl acetate38
MyrtenalSeed25, 31
trans-PinocarveolSeed27
cis-beta-OcimeneSeed; Fruit2, 3, 12
Myristic acidSeed; Stem1, 14, 15, 18, 25, 29
Kaempferol-3-O-beta-glucopyranoside 36
delta-ElemeneSeed; Fruit2, 12
alpha-YlangeneSeed27
ElemolSeed5, 27
alpha-BisabololSeed3
Benzyl benzoateFruit34
ApigeninGrass9
2-PentadecanoneSeed5
Pentadecanoic acidSeed1
LimoneneSeed; Leaf; Fruit3, 5, 6, 14, 19
alpha-PhellandreneSeed; Leaf4, 23, 27
PinocarvoneSeed4
MyrtenolSeed31
CuminaldehydeSeed5
ar-CurcumeneSeed3
ZingibereneSeed27
ar-TurmeroneSeed3
VerbenoneSeed3, 27
CarvacrolSeed; Fruit2, 12, 17, 19, 33, 34
Dill apioleSeed25
3-Butyl phthalide37
(z)-Ligustilide37
Dodecyl acrylateLeaf18
Butanoic acid, heptafluoro-, methyl esterStem18
alpha-ThujeneSeed; Fruit; Root2, 3, 5, 6, 12, 13, 17, 19, 27, 31, 34
alpha-TerpineneSeed; Fruit; Root2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 12, 13, 17, 25, 27, 30, 34
MyristicineSeed1
ApiolSeed5
DihydrocarvoneSeed; Leaf1, 2, 12, 23
Psoralen37, 38
Beta-CaroteneLeaf; Shoot28
Vitamin-CLeaf38
delta5-Avenasterol39, 40
Isorhamnetin37
Ferulic acidGrass; Vegetative; Fruit; Whole Plant9, 22, 24
Decanoic acidSeed; Leaf1, 3, 19
Palmitoleic acid37
5-Caffeoylquinic acidVegetative; Fruit22
1-Octen-3-olSeed31
(Z)-Linalool oxideSeed; Fruit1, 2, 12, 19, 25, 27, 29, 32
Triacontanol37
Acetic acidFruit38
4-methylphenolSeed1
1-HeptanolSeed2
6-Ethenyltetrahydro-2,2,6-trimethyl-2H-pyran-3-olSeed15
IsophytolStem18
ViolaxanthinLeaf; Shoot28
CitronellalSeed; Leaf1, 3, 5, 23, 27
BorneolSeed; Fruit; Root1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 12, 13, 19, 21, 25, 27, 31, 34
DihydrocarveolSeed1
Geranyl acetateSeed; Fruit; Aerial; Leaf1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 23, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33
(E)-2-DecenolSeed; Leaf; Root1, 6, 8, 13, 18
(E)-AnetholeSeed; Fruit1, 7
2-DodecenalSeed; Leaf1, 3, 6, 8, 14, 18
Undecanoic acidSeed; Leaf1, 3, 14, 20, 29
Tridecanoic acidSeed; Leaf1, 3, 5, 20
trans-Linalool oxideSeed; Fruit2, 12, 17, 27, 32
GeranialSeed; Fruit2, 7, 12, 17, 25
Neryl acetateSeed; Fruit2, 12
Eugenyle acetateSeed2
gamma-ThionodecalactoneLeaf3
1,2-DecanediolLeaf3
2,4-DimethylheptaneLeaf3
2-Decenoic acidLeaf3, 20
2-UndecenalLeaf; Fruit3, 6, 19
4-Allylphenyl acetateLeaf3
5-Nonanol,5-methylLeaf3
BenzeneLeaf3
CyclododecaneLeaf3
DecahydroazuleneLeaf3
Decamethylene glycolLeaf3
E-11-Tetradecenoic acidLeaf3, 20
EthylidenecyclooctaneLeaf3
1-PentadeceneLeaf3
NonanolLeaf3, 8
o-CymeneSeed; Leaf3, 14
Oxirane tetradecylLeaf3
Oxirane,octylLeaf3
Undecyl alcoholLeaf3, 5, 8, 18
Undecylenic acidLeaf3
E-VerbenolSeed3
CyclooctanolSeed; Leaf3
m-CymeneSeed3, 19
Lilac alcoholSeed3
Z-VerbenolSeed3
IsothujolSeed3
alpha-CampholenalSeed3
UmbelluloneSeed3
Terpinyl acetateSeed3
CitralSeed3, 31
Citronellyl acetateSeed; Fruit3, 27, 34
DodecenalSeed3
alpha-CubebeneSeed3, 5
alpha-CedreneSeed; Leaf3, 5, 23
8-Hexadecenal,14-methyl-,(Z)Seed3
Angelicin37, 38
Niacin38
OctanalSeed; Leaf; Root; Fruit5, 8, 13, 15, 19, 31
HeptanalSeed; Fruit5, 12, 17, 31
Menthadien-1-olSeed5
EstragoleSeed5
2,6-OctadieneSeed5
Z-5-NonadeceneSeed5
m-AminoanilineLeaf3
Trans-2-Undecen-1-olSeed; Leaf5, 8, 18
2E-Tridecen-1-alLeaf3, 5, 6, 8
p-Mentha-1,4-dien-7-olSeed5
NonaneLeaf6, 8, 23
2-Undecen-1-olLeaf6
1-TetracosanolLeaf6
4-DodecenalLeaf6
TridecanalStem; Leaf; Fruit6, 8, 18, 19, 23, 29
(E)-2-TetradecenalLeaf6
Diallyl fumarateLeaf6
HexadecenalLeaf6
(E)-2-HexadecenalLeaf6
HeptadecenalLeaf6
2-DecenalSeed; Fruit6, 19, 31
3-Dodecen-1-alLeaf8
n-DecaneLeaf8
Salicylic acidGrass9
EsculinGrass9
EsculetinGrass9
4-HydroxycoumarinGrass9
HesperidinGrass9
DiosminGrass9
DihydroquercetinGrass9
ArbutinGrass9
DicoumarinGrass9
Coriandrone AAerial; Whole Plant11, 24
Coriandrone BAerial; Whole Plant11, 24
DihydrocoriandrinAerial; Whole Plant11, 24
(Z)-MyroxideRoot13
2-DodecenolRoot13
beta-ThujeneSeed; Fruit14, 19
2,2,7-Trimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)hept-2-eneSeed14
(1s-endo)-BorneolSeed14
(R)-(+)-beta-CitronellolSeed14
(E)-4-methyl-2-HepteneSeed14
O-Cymen-5-olSeed14
2-n-OctylfuranSeed14
trans-2-Tridecenoic acidSeed14
Myristoleic acidSeed14
2,4-Dimethyl-1-deceneSeed14
Permetrinic acid methylamideSeed15
1,5,9,13-Tetrathia-3,11-cyclohexadecaediolSeed15
Dichloromethyl ethyl sulfoneSeed15
3,5-Cyclohexadiene-1,2-dione,5-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methoxy-Seed15
2,7-Octadiene-1,6-diol, 2,6-dimethyl-Seed15
Pyrrolidine,1-(1,6-dioxooctadecyl)-Seed15
5-Isopropenyl-2-methylcyclopent-1-enecarboxaldehydeSeed15
Ethyl linaloolSeed15
Cyclohexanol,5-methyl-2-(1-methylethenyl)-[1R-(1a,2a,5a)]-Seed15
1,6-Octadiene,3-ethoxy-3,7-dimethyl-Seed15
3,7-Octadiene-2,6-diol,2,6-dimethyl-Seed15
5-Isopropenyl-2-methyl-7-oxabicyclo[4.1.0]heptan-2-olSeed15
1,2-15,16-DiepoxyhexadecaneSeed15
3,7-Dimethylocta-1,7-dien-3,6-diolSeed15
Geranyl vinyl etherSeed15
HotrienolSeed15
2-Octen-1-ol,3,7-dimethyl-,isobutyrate,(Z)-Seed15
Cis-p-Mentha-2,8-dien-1-olSeed15
2,6,10-DodecatrienalSeed15
1,2,3,5,6,7-Hexahydro-inden-4-oneSeed15
9-Octadecenoic acid (Z)-,methyl esterSeed15
CyclododecanolLeaf18
13-TetradecenalLeaf18
Cedren-13-olLeaf18
2,6-Di(t-butyl)-4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-oneLeaf18
8-Oxabicyclo[4.3.0]nonane,7,9-dimethylLeaf18
9-OctadecenalLeaf18
Z-11(13,14-epoxy)tetradecen-1-ol acetateLeaf18
2-Allyl-5-t-butylhydroquinoneLeaf18
(Z)6-Pentadecen-1-olLeaf18
2-(4a,8-Dimethyl-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,7-octahydro-naphthalen-2-yl)-prop-2-en-1-olLeaf18
E-2-tetradecen-1-olLeaf18
3-IsobutylidenephthalideLeaf18
2-(4-Methoxyphenyl)benzo[b]furanLeaf18
Benzeneacetic acid,a,4-bis[(trimethylsilyl)oxy]-,trimethylsilyl esterStem18
Hexasiloxane tetradecamethyl-Stem18
9-Octadecenal,(Z)-Stem18
1-TridecanolStem18
Heptasiloxane,hexadecamethyl-Stem18
1,1,3,3,5,5,7,7,9,9-Decamethyl-pentasiloxaneStem18
Acrylic acid tetradecanyl esterStem18
1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, butyl octyl esterStem18
2-HexadecanolStem18
(Z)-9-OctadecenamideStem18
Butanoic acid,3-Hexenyl esterFruit19
Tetradecanoic acid,1-Methylethyl esterFruit19
cis-3-Hexenyl butanoateFruit19
6-MethyldocosaneFruit19
6-Octadecenoic acid,Methyl esterFruit19
Quercetin 3-O-glucuronideVegetative; Fruit22
3-Octenal39, 40
5-Decenal39, 40
6-Undecenal39, 40
7-Dodecenal39, 40
8-Tridecenal39, 40
9-Tetradecenal39, 40
10-Pentadecenal39, 40
3,6-Undecadienal39, 40
5,8-Tridecadienal39, 40
2,6-Octadien-1-ol,3,7-dimethyl-,acetate39, 40
Methyl citronellateFruit34
CoriandrinAerial11
Coriandrinonediol37
Petroselinic37
Triacontane37
Tricosanol37
(E)-3-Hexen-1-ol30
(Z)-2-Hexen-1-ol 30
(E)-2-Tridecenol30
Vaccenic acidSeed30, 31
beta-TerpineolSeed31
8-Methyl-5-Nonenal39, 40
n-TetradecanolLeaf23
TetradecenolLeaf23
(E)-2-Dodecen-1-olLeaf23
Dec-9-en-1-olLeaf23
(E,E)-2,4-UndecadienalLeaf26
VerbeneneSeed27
alpha-Campholene aldehydeSeed27
beta-TurmeroneSeed27
alpha-TurmeroneSeed27
Lutein-5,6-epoxideLeaf; Shoot28
NeoxanthinLeaf; Shoot28
p-Hydroxyphenethyl trans ferulate Whole Plant24
IsoscopoletinWhole Plant24
Daphnetin-8-O-glucosideWhole Plant24
Veratric acidWhole Plant24
2-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-methoxyethanolWhole Plant24
1-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-1,2-ethanediolWhole Plant24
Coriandrone CWhole Plant24
Coriandrone DWhole Plant24
Coriandrone EWhole Plant24
8-Methyl-2-Nonenal39, 40
2-Pentadecenol30
Octadecenoic acidSeed31
Methyl heptenone37
(R)-(-)-(Z)-14-methyl-8-hexadecen-1-olLeaf18
Quercetin-3-O-caffeyl glucoside36
(3R*,4S*)-3-(2-Nitro-4-methoxyphenyl)-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hexaneLeaf18
9H-Pyrrolo[3',4':3,4]pyrrolo[2,1-a]phthalazine-9,11(10H)-dione, 10-ethyl-8-phenylStem18
1-Methyl-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-6,7-dimethoxyisochromeneStem18
1H-cycloprop[e]azulen-7-ol, decahydro-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylene-[1ar-(1aa,4aa,7a,7aa,7ba)]Stem18
1-Methyl-2,10-(sulfonylmethylene)bicyclo[4,4,0]dec-5-eneStem18
Dimethoxycinnamoyl hexosideVegetative; Fruit22
Ferulic acid glucosideVegetative; Fruit22
Caffeoyl N-tryptophan hexosideVegetative; Fruit22
Feruloyl N-tryptophan hexosideVegetative; Fruit22
Isorhamnetin dihexosideVegetative; Fruit22
Apigenin-8-C-hexoside-7-O-pentosideVegetative; Fruit22
Apigenin-8-C-hexoside-5-O-pentosideVegetative; Fruit22
Gnaphaloside A37
(R)-(-)-4,beta-Dihydroxyphenethyl ferulateWhole Plant24
Kaempferol 3-O-alpha-L-[2,3-di-(E)-p-Coumaroylrhamnopyranoside]Whole Plant24
Kaempferol 3-O-alpha-L-[3-(E)-p-Coumaroylrhamnopyranoside]Whole Plant24

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Leaf
Ethanol Colon Cancer 41
Leaf; Root; Stem
Ethyl Acetate Breast Cancer 49
N/A
Hydroalcoholic Antiulcerant 45
Seed
Hydroalcoholic Antiarthritic 44
Aqueous Antidiabetic 46
Ethanol; Aqueous Anticonvulsant 47
Spice
Methanol; Acetone Antibacterial 43
Whole Plant
Oil Antifungal 42
Ethanol; Carbon tetrachloride Anthelmintic 48

References

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