Abutilon indicum (L.) Sw.

Family: Malvaceae

Synonyms

Abutilon asiaticum (L.) Sweet

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Potari (Bengali), Country Mallow (English)

Local Availability

In most of the districts in fallow lands.

Worldwide Availability

China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Botanical Description 20

Abutilon indicum a perennial, half-woody, branched, erect shrub, 0.5 to 3 meters high. An erect woody undershrub. Leaves ovate, cordate irregularly toothed, covered on both surfaces with white down. F

Common Ethnobotanical Use 21

Roots and leaves are diuretic, purgative and demulcent; used to treat fevers, chest infections, gonorrhea and urethritis; roots are used to treat diarrhea and other gastrointestinal disorders. Leaf juice and root are taken orally to treat dental problems; the leaf paste is useful in toothache

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
EugenolRoot5, 9
Aurantiamide acetateWhole Plant10
StigmasterolWhole Plant; Leaf10, 11
Hexadecanoic acidAerial8, 9
beta-sitosterolLeaf; Root; Whole Plant3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11
Daucosterol6
7-Hydroxy-6-methoxychromen-2-oneWhole Plant10
Linoleic acidAerial8
Octadecanoic acidAerial8, 9
GeraniolRoot5, 9
Gallic-acidRoot5, 9
Oleanolic acid6
beta-AmyrinRoot5, 9
SqualeneLeaf11
LuteolinFlower7
Alantolactone1, 9
Isoalantolactone1, 9
QuercetinLeaf2
Gossypetin-8-glucosideFlower Petal4, 9
Gossypetin-7-glucosideFlower Petal4, 9
Cyanidin-3-rutinosideFlower Petal4, 9
CaryophylleneRoot5, 9
(24R)-5alpha-Stigmastane-3,6-dione6
2,6-Dimethoxy-1,4-benzoquinone6
Vanillic acidWhole Plant6, 10
ChrysoeriolFlower7
Luteolin 7-O-beta-glucopyranosideFlower7
Chrysoeriol 7-O-beta-glucopyranosideFlower7
Apigenin 7-O-beta-glucopyranosideFlower7
Quercetin 7-O-beta-glucopyranosideFlower7
Abutilin AWhole Plant10
(R)-N-(1'-methoxycarbonyl-2'-phenylethyl)-4-HydroxybenzamideWhole Plant10
VanillinWhole Plant10
Methyl coumarateWhole Plant10
4-HydroxyacetophenoneWhole Plant10
p-HydroxybenzaldehydeWhole Plant10
Methyl indole-3-carboxylateWhole Plant10
3,7-Dihydroxychromen-2-oneWhole Plant10
MethylparabenWhole Plant10
ScoparoneWhole Plant10
SyringaldehydeWhole Plant10
1-Methoxycarbonyl-beta-carbolineWhole Plant10
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxy-trans-cinnamic acid methyl esterWhole Plant10
trans-p-Coumaric acidWhole Plant10
ThymineWhole Plant10
AdenineWhole Plant10
Methyl 4-hydroxyphenylacetateWhole Plant10
RiboflavinWhole Plant10
1-LycoperodineWhole Plant10
3-Hydroxy-beta-damasconeWhole Plant10
AdenosineWhole Plant10
p-Hydroxybenzoic acidWhole Plant10
3-Hydroxy-beta-ionolWhole Plant10
N-Feruloyl tyrosineWhole Plant10
Benzoic acidWhole Plant10
Linolenic acidAerial8
Oleic acidAerial8
EudesmolRoot5, 9

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Aerial
N/A Antiasthmatic 19
Leaf
Aqueous Colon Cancer 14
Aqueous Anticonvulsant 17
Methanol Antibacterial 15
Whole Plant
Aqueous Antidiabetic 16

References

  • 1 Sharma, P.V. and Ahmad, Z.A. (1989) Two sesquiterpene lactones from Abutilon indicum. Phytochemistry, 28, 3525.
  • 2 Rajalakshmi, P. and Senthil, K.K. (2009) Direct HPLC analysis of quercetin in exudates of Abutilon indicum (Linn). Malvaceae. Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 1, 80-83.
  • 3 Rahuman, A.A., Gopalakrishnan, G., Venkatesan, P. and Geetha, K. (2008) Isolation and identification of mosquito larvicidal compound from Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet. Parasitology research, 102, 981-988.
  • 4 Subramanian, S.S. and Nair, A. (1972) Flavonoids of four Malvaceous plants. Phytochemistry, 11, 1518-1519.
  • 5 Dennis, T. and Kumar, K. (1987) Chemical examination of the roots of Abutilon indicum Linn. J Oil Technol Assoc Ind, 15, 82-83.
  • 6 Liu, N., Jia, L. and Sun, Q. (2009) Chemical constituents of Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet. Journal of Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, 26, 196-197.
  • 7 Matlawska, I. and Sikorska, M. (2002) Flavonoid compounds in the flowers of Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet (Malvaceae). Acta Pol Pharm, 59, 227-229.
  • 8 Gaind, K. and Chopra, K. (1976) Phytochemical investigation of Abutilon indicum. Planta medica, 30, 174-185.
  • 9 Yasmin, S., Kashmiri, M.A., Ahmad, I., Adnan, A. and Ahmad, M. (2008) Biological activity of extracts in relationship to structure of pure isolates of Abutilon indicum. Pharmaceutical biology, 46, 673-676.
  • 10 Kuo, P.-C., Yang, M.-L., Wu, P.-L., Shih, H.-N., Thang, T.D., Dung, N.X. and Wu, T.-S. (2008) Chemical constituents from Abutilon indicum. Journal of Asian natural products research, 10, 689-693.
  • 11 Macabeo, A.P.G. and Lee, C.A. (2014) Sterols and triterpenes from the non-polar antitubercular fraction of Abutilon indicum. Pharmacognosy Journal, 6, 49-52.
  • 12 Rahmatullah, M., Hossan, M.S., Hanif, A., Roy, P., Jahan, R., Khan, M., Chowdhury, M.H. and Rahman, T. (2009) Ethnomedicinal applications of plants by the traditional healers of the Marma tribe of Naikhongchhari, Bandarban district, Bangladesh. Adv Nat Appl Sci, 3, 392-401.
  • 13 Muthu, C., Ayyanar, M., Raja, N. and Ignacimuthu, S. (2006) Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram District of Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 2, 43.
  • 14 Mata, R., Nakkala, J.R. and Sadras, S.R. (2016) Polyphenol stabilized colloidal gold nanoparticles from Abutilon indicum leaf extract induce apoptosis in HT-29 colon cancer cells. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 143, 499-510.
  • 15 Mata, R., Nakkala, J.R. and Sadras, S.R. (2015) Biogenic silver nanoparticles from Abutilon indicum: Their antioxidant, antibacterial and cytotoxic effects in vitro. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 128, 276-286.
  • 16 Krisanapun, C., Peungvicha, P., Temsiririrkkul, R. and Wongkrajang, Y. (2009) Aqueous extract of Abutilon indicum Sweet inhibits glucose absorption and stimulates insulin secretion in rodents. Nutrition research, 29, 579-587.
  • 17 GOLWALA, D.K., PATEL, L.D., VAIDYA, S.K., BOTHARA, S.B., MANI, M. and PATEL, P. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.
  • 18 Rajput, A. and Patel, M. (2012) Chemical investigation and biological activity of phytoconstituents from methanol extract of Abutilon indicum leaves. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 4, 3959-3965.
  • 19 Paranjhape, A.N. and Mehta, A.A. (2006) A study on clinical efficacy of Abutilon indicum in treatment of bronchial asthma. Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, 6, 330-335.
  • 20 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
  • 21 Ghani, A. (1998) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh: chemical constituents and uses. Asiatic society of Bangladesh.