Abutilon indicum (L.) Sw.

Family: Malvaceae


Abutilon asiaticum (L.) Sweet

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Potari (Bengali), Country Mallow (English)

Local Availability

In most of the districts in fallow lands.

Worldwide Availability

China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Botanical Description 20

Abutilon indicum a perennial, half-woody, branched, erect shrub, 0.5 to 3 meters high. An erect woody undershrub. Leaves ovate, cordate irregularly toothed, covered on both surfaces with white down. F

Common Ethnobotanical Use 21

Roots and leaves are diuretic, purgative and demulcent; used to treat fevers, chest infections, gonorrhea and urethritis; roots are used to treat diarrhea and other gastrointestinal disorders. Leaf juice and root are taken orally to treat dental problems; the leaf paste is useful in toothache

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
EugenolRoot5, 9
Aurantiamide acetateWhole Plant10
StigmasterolWhole Plant; Leaf10, 11
Hexadecanoic acidAerial8, 9
beta-sitosterolLeaf; Root; Whole Plant3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11
7-Hydroxy-6-methoxychromen-2-oneWhole Plant10
Linoleic acidAerial8
Octadecanoic acidAerial8, 9
GeraniolRoot5, 9
Gallic-acidRoot5, 9
Oleanolic acid6
beta-AmyrinRoot5, 9
Alantolactone1, 9
Isoalantolactone1, 9
Gossypetin-8-glucosideFlower Petal4, 9
Gossypetin-7-glucosideFlower Petal4, 9
Cyanidin-3-rutinosideFlower Petal4, 9
CaryophylleneRoot5, 9
Vanillic acidWhole Plant6, 10
Luteolin 7-O-beta-glucopyranosideFlower7
Chrysoeriol 7-O-beta-glucopyranosideFlower7
Apigenin 7-O-beta-glucopyranosideFlower7
Quercetin 7-O-beta-glucopyranosideFlower7
Abutilin AWhole Plant10
(R)-N-(1'-methoxycarbonyl-2'-phenylethyl)-4-HydroxybenzamideWhole Plant10
VanillinWhole Plant10
Methyl coumarateWhole Plant10
4-HydroxyacetophenoneWhole Plant10
p-HydroxybenzaldehydeWhole Plant10
Methyl indole-3-carboxylateWhole Plant10
3,7-Dihydroxychromen-2-oneWhole Plant10
MethylparabenWhole Plant10
ScoparoneWhole Plant10
SyringaldehydeWhole Plant10
1-Methoxycarbonyl-beta-carbolineWhole Plant10
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxy-trans-cinnamic acid methyl esterWhole Plant10
trans-p-Coumaric acidWhole Plant10
ThymineWhole Plant10
AdenineWhole Plant10
Methyl 4-hydroxyphenylacetateWhole Plant10
RiboflavinWhole Plant10
1-LycoperodineWhole Plant10
3-Hydroxy-beta-damasconeWhole Plant10
AdenosineWhole Plant10
p-Hydroxybenzoic acidWhole Plant10
3-Hydroxy-beta-ionolWhole Plant10
N-Feruloyl tyrosineWhole Plant10
Benzoic acidWhole Plant10
Linolenic acidAerial8
Oleic acidAerial8
EudesmolRoot5, 9

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
N/A Antiasthmatic 19
Aqueous Colon Cancer 14
Aqueous Anticonvulsant 17
Methanol Antibacterial 15
Whole Plant
Aqueous Antidiabetic 16


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