Acacia catechu Willd.

Family: Mimosaceae


Acacia sundra (Roxb.) Bedd., Acacia catechuoides (Roxb.) Benth., Mimosa catechu L.f

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Khair (Bengali), Katha (Bengali), Khadir (Bengali), Kutch tree (English)

Local Availability

Bogra, Faridpur, Pabna and Rajshahi

Worldwide Availability

Asia, China, India and the Indian Ocean area

Botanical Description 16

Acacia catechu willd. is a modest sized spiny deciduous plant; spines short hooked in pairs. Leaves 2-pinnate; pinnae 40-80; leaflets 60-100, small ligulate. Flowers are small, pale yellow or white in

Common Ethnobotanical Use 17

Bark is astringent, anthelmintic, antidysenteric, antipyretic; cures itching, bronchitis, ulcers, leucoderma, psoriasis, leprosy and elephantiasis. A. catechu is used to strengthen the teeth. The decoction prepared from bark mixed with milk is taken to cure cold and cough. The bark decoction is taken either alone or in combination with opium to cure severe diarrhea. Dried Katha is applied on lemon slice and taken regularly with empty stomach to cure piles. Decoction is prepared by boiling the heartwood of khair with other ingredients. It is taken to cure fever due to cold during the pregnancy. Decoction prepared from heartwood is applied in mouth and on tongue to cure mouth ulcer.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Quercetin 3-O-glucosideLeaf5
Hexadecanoic acidLeaf5
Octadecanoic acidLeaf5
p-Hydroxybenzoic acid1
Isovanillic acid1
4-Methyl pyrocatechol 1
Pyrocatechol 1
(+)-Catechin1, 3, 6, 7, 8
(+)-Isolariciresinol 1
5-Hydroxy-2-[2-(4-hydroxyphenyl) acetyl]-3-methoxylbenzoic acid2
4-Hydroxyphenyl ethanol 2
4-Hydroxypipecolic acid4
alpha-Amino-beta-Oxalylaminopropionic acid4
L-(+)-Lactic acidLeaf5
Pipecolic acidLeaf5
Phosphoric acidLeaf5
Succinic acidLeaf5
Glyceric acidLeaf5
D-Malic acidLeaf5
O-Acetylsalicylic acidLeaf5
4-Guanidinobutyric acidLeaf5
Meleamic acidLeaf5
Lauric acidLeaf5
Quinic acidLeaf5
2,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 9
Ellagic acid9
EpicatechinHeartwood7, 8
Planchol A1
(5R)-5-(1-(3,4-Dihydrophenyl)-3-oxobutyl)dihydrofuran-2(3H)-one1, 2
5,7,3',4'-Tetrahydroxy-3-methoxy flavone-7-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 4)-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideStem10

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Bark; Heartwood
Ethanol Colon Cancer 12
Ethanol Cervical Cancer 12
Ethanol Breast Cancer 12
Aqueous Breast Cancer 13
Petroleum Ether; Ethanol; Hydroalcohol Antifungal 15
Petroleum Ether; Aqueous; Chloroform Antimicrobial 14


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