Acacia catechu Willd.
Acacia sundra (Roxb.) Bedd., Acacia catechuoides (Roxb.) Benth., Mimosa catechu L.f
Khair (Bengali), Katha (Bengali), Khadir (Bengali), Kutch tree (English)
Bogra, Faridpur, Pabna and Rajshahi
Asia, China, India and the Indian Ocean area
Botanical Description 16
Acacia catechu willd. is a modest sized spiny deciduous plant; spines short hooked in pairs. Leaves 2-pinnate; pinnae 40-80; leaflets 60-100, small ligulate. Flowers are small, pale yellow or white in
Common Ethnobotanical Use 17
Bark is astringent, anthelmintic, antidysenteric, antipyretic; cures itching, bronchitis, ulcers, leucoderma, psoriasis, leprosy and elephantiasis. A. catechu is used to strengthen the teeth. The decoction prepared from bark mixed with milk is taken to cure cold and cough. The bark decoction is taken either alone or in combination with opium to cure severe diarrhea. Dried Katha is applied on lemon slice and taken regularly with empty stomach to cure piles. Decoction is prepared by boiling the heartwood of khair with other ingredients. It is taken to cure fever due to cold during the pregnancy. Decoction prepared from heartwood is applied in mouth and on tongue to cure mouth ulcer.
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