Cyperus rotundus L

Family: Cyperaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Bengali Name: Mutha, Nagarmutha, Bhadailla. English Name: Nut Grass

Local Availability

Throughout the country in fallow lands.

Worldwide Availability

Native to Africa, southern and central Europe (north to France and Austria), and southern Asia.

Botanical Description 43

A slender, erect, glabrous, perennial grasslike plant, that may reach a height 10 to 40 cm. Rhizomes or underground stems are wiry, bearing black, hard, ovoid tubers which are about 1 centimeter in di

Common Ethnobotanical Use 44

Tubers, main part of the plant are used for treating fevers, digestive system disorders, used for leprosy , as anthelmintic, itching, for skin diseases, used for dysentery, for chest pains caused by deterred blood flow of blood and energy circulation dysmenorrhea and other maladies .Also for memory loss, depression and epilepsy. Decoction of the tubers is also used for treating fever, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, and stomach complaints; infusion is useful in dysentery, vomiting and cholera. Dried tubers used for spreading ulcers. Fresh tubers are applied to the breast as galactagogue. Root paste is applied for healing wounds and sores. Roots used medicinally as a diaphoretic, astringent, stimulant, tonic, diuretic and demulcent. Also used as vermifuge and emmenagogue.In various oriental traditional systems, rhizomes used for stomach and bowel disorders. Decoction of rhizome with stem bits of Tinospora cardifolia and dried ginger is used to treat malarial fever. Rhizome juice used to treat constipation.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
BenzaldehydeTuber6
LimoneneRhizome; Tuber9, 10, 2, 6, 7
1,8-CineoleRhizome; Tuber9, 6, 2
alpha-TerpineolTuber6, 7
p-Cymen-8-olTuber6, 7
beta-Caryophyllene Tuber5, 11, 6, 7
beta-sitosterolTuber23, 11, 2, 3
UridineAerial16
Linoleic acid2, 3
(2E,6E)-FarnesolTuber5
Octadecanoic acid2, 3
Myricetin3
delta-CadineneTuber; Rhizome; Aerial5, 17, 20, 21
SabineneTuber6, 7
4-TerpineolTuber6, 7
CarvoneTuber6, 7
beta-ElemeneTuber20
alpha-HumuleneTuber; Aerial5, 6, 20, 21
beta-SelineneTuber; Rhizome; Aerial5, 15, 9, 6, 13, 10, 11, 2, 7, 3, 20, 21, 24
ValenceneRhizome9, 3
Caryophyllene oxideTuber; Rhizome5, 13, 9, 6, 7, 8
Epi-alpha-muurololTuber; Aerial5, 21
alpha-CadinolTuber; Aerial5, 21
Pectin2
Oleanolic acidTuber23, 2
LuteolinRhizome19, 3
OrientinAerial16
QuercetinRhizome19, 3
trans-p-Coumaric acidRhizome; Aerial9, 7, 24
AdenosineAerial16
Linolenic acid2, 3
Oleic acid2, 3
Isovanillic acid3
(+)-Catechin3
Glycerol3
Ellagic acidAerial; Rhizome16, 9
KaempferolRhizome19, 3
Caffeic acidAerial7, 24
Protocatechuic acidAerial7, 24
VitexinAerial16
ChlorogenateAerial16
beta-PineneTuber; Rhizome; Aerial5, 6, 9, 10, 2, 7, 8, 3, 21
alpha-PineneTuber; Aerial5, 6, 7, 8, 21
beta-Caryophyllene oxideTuber18
CampheneRhizome10, 2, 8
alpha-MuuroleneTuber; Rhizome5, 17
p-CymeneRhizome; Tuber9, 10, 2, 6, 7, 3
MyrtenalTuber6
trans-PinocarveolTuber6
PatchulaneTuber6
CoumarinRhizome; Aerial9, 24
Myristic acid2, 3
alpha-CubebeneTuber; Aerial5, 6, 7, 21
alpha-Gurjunene3
alpha-SelineneTuber; Rhizome5, 8, 6, 7, 3, 17
ElemolTuber5
alpha-MuurololTuber; Aerial5, 21
MyrtenolTuber6
Cadina-1,4-dieneTuber5
VerbenoneTuber6, 7
IsorhamnetinAerial7, 24
Ferulic acid3
IsovitexinAerial16
CitronellalTuber6, 7
BorneolTuber; Aerial5, 21
Salicylic acidAerial7, 24
epi-alpha-CadinolTuber; Aerial5, 21
alpha-CopaeneTuber; Rhizome5, 15, 6, 11, 2, 7, 3, 17, 20
(E)-CarveolTuber6, 7
Dehydro-p-CymeneTuber6
alpha-RotunolRhizome1, 2, 3
beta-RotunolRhizome1, 2, 3
Rotundine ARhizome4, 2
Rotundine BRhizome4, 2
IsocyperolTuber; Rhizome; Aerial5, 2, 11, 3, 17, 21
CyperolTuber; Rhizome; Aerial5, 11, 2, 3, 17, 20, 21
epi-alpha-CadinolTuber5
trans-CalameneneTuber; Rhizome5, 6, 7, 17
MustakoneTuber; Root; Rhizome; Aerial5, 12, 17, 21
Humulene oxideTuber5
alpha-CyperoneTuber; Rhizome; Aerial5, 14, 15, 9, 6, 11, 2, 7, 3, 8, 17, 20, 21, 26
CyproteneTuber; Rhizome; Aerial5, 17, 21
Cypera-2,4-dieneTuber; Rhizome5, 17
CypereneTuber; Rhizome; Aerial5, 15, 6, 11, 2, 7, 3, 17, 20, 21
RotundeneTuber; Rhizome5, 10, 2, 17
alpha-CalacoreneTuber5
IsorotundeneTuber; Rhizome; Aerial5, 2, 3, 17, 21
n-Butyl-beta-D-fructopyranosideAerial16
Ethyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosideAerial16
Myricetin 3-O-beta-D-galactopyranosideAerial16
Luteolin 7-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranoside-6"-methyl esterAerial16
Luteolin 7-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranosideAerial16
N-(1-Deoxy-alpha-D-fructos-1-yl)-L-tryptophan Aerial16
(-)-IsorotundeneRhizome17
(-)-Cypera-2,4(15)-dieneRhizome17, 2
(+)-CyperadioneRhizome17
PatchoulenoneTuber18, 2, 11
10,12-PeroxycalameneneTuber18
4,7-Dimethyl-1-tetraloneTuber18
7,8-Dihydroxy-5,6-methylenedioxyflavoneRhizome19
GinkgetinRhizome19
IsoginkgetinRhizome19
CaryophylleneTuber20
CalameneneTuber20
CyperotundoneTuber; Aerial; Rhizome20, 11, 21, 17
Sugeonyl acetateTuber20, 11
2alpha-(5-Oxopentyl)-2beta-Methyl-5beta-isopropenylcyclohexanoneRoot12
2beta-(5-Oxopentyl)-2beta-Methyl-5beta-isopropenylcyclohexanoneRoot12
CyperoloneRoot12, 22
beta-CyperoneRhizome15, 2, 3
Selina-4,11-dieneRhizome15, 11
Aristol-9-en-8-oneRhizome; Tuber15, 6, 11, 2, 7
(+)-NootkatoneRhizome9, 2, 3
KobusoneRhizome25, 10, 2, 11
IsokobusoneRhizome25, 10, 2, 11
Cyclopentene, 3-ethylidene-1-methylTuber6, 7
cis-DihydrocarvoneTuber6, 7
IsocitronellolTuber6
CarvenoneTuber6, 7
Dihydro-carvylacetateTuber6, 7
IsolongifolineTuber6, 7
DihydroaromadendreneTuber6, 7
Aromadendrene-epoxideTuber6, 7
Isoaromadendrene epoxideTuber6
Naphthalene, 1,6-dimethyl-4-(1-methyl ethyl)Tuber6, 7
gamma-CadineneTuber6, 7
cis-CalameneneTuber6, 7
beta-CalacoreneTuber6
LedaneTuber6
Caryophylla-2(12), 6(13) dien-5-oneTuber6, 7
LongiverbenoneTuber6, 7
10-epi-alpha-CyperoneTuber6, 7
CaryophyllenolTuber6, 7
Vulgarol ATuber6, 7
VellerdiolTuber6, 7
Vulgarol BTuber6, 7
LedenoxideTuber6, 7
alpha-LongipineneTuber13, 7
PatchouleneRhizome10, 11, 17
Isopatchoulenone10
Patchoulenol10
Cyperenol10
Valerenal11
Sugetriol11, 2
Sugeonol11, 2
Cyperenone2, 3
D-Fructose2
D-Glucose2
Rotundenol2
Rotundone2
Isocurcumenol2
NorrotundeneRhizome2, 3, 17
Cyperadione2, 3
(-)-Rotundone22
Eudesmane7
Guaiane7
Cadinane7
VisnaginAerial7, 24
KhellinAerial7, 24
AmmiolAerial7, 24
TricinAerial7, 24
Elema-1,3,11 (13)-trien-12-ol7
(Z)-Valerenyl acetate3
Valerenic acid3
Afzelechin3
Tritriacontan-16-one3
Rotunduside A3
Rotunduside B3
PungeninRhizome27
SalidrosideRhizome27
Rotundine CRhizome4, 2
(+)-Copadiene22
1alpha,3beta-dihydroxy-4alpha- (3’,4’-dihydroxyphenyl)-1,2,3,4,-tetrahydronaphthalin3
Scariodione10
4alpha, 5alpha-Oxidoeudesm-11-en-3alpha-olRhizome28
(-)-NorrotundeneRhizome17
(+)-(E)-Cyperusphenol ARhizome29
(-)-(E)-Cyperusphenol ARhizome29
(E)-Mesocyperusphenol ARhizome29
Patchoulenyl acetateTuber20, 2
Aristol-9-en-3-oneRhizome15, 11
(+)-Eipoxyguaiene22
Sitosteryl-(6'-hentriacontanoyl)-beta-D-galactopyranoside)Aerial7, 24
Rotunduside CRhizome3, 27

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Leaf
Ethanol Antifungal 17
Leaf; Stem; Root; Rhizome; Inflorescence
Aqueous; Methanol Antifungal 32
Rhizome
Ethanol Breast Cancer 30
Ethyl Acetate Leukemia 41
Ethanol Ovarian Cancer 42
Methanol Antiulcerant 36
Ethanol Antiplatelet 37
Hydroalcohol Anticonvulsant 38
Alcoholic Cardioprotective 39
Tuber
Oil Antibacterial 5
Hydroethanol Antidiabetic 35
Whole Plant
Methanol Antifungal 31
Oil Antifungal 33
Aqueous; Ethanol Antibacterial 34
Aqueous; Ethyl Acetate; Methanol; TOF-Enriched Extract Analgesic 40

References

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