Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.

Family: Convolvulaceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Misti Alu (Bengali), Sweet Potato (English), Fan shu (Chinese), Süßkartoffel (German), Batata (Spanish).

Local Availability

The plant is cultivated throughout the country.

Worldwide Availability

Sweet potatoes are cultivated throughout tropical and warm temperate regions in the world

Botanical Description 18

Ipomoea batatas is a spreading, prostrate, herbaceous, smooth or somewhat hairy vine. Stems or runners, sprawling several meters long, take root when in contact with soil. Leaves are ovate to oblong-o

Common Ethnobotanical Use 19

Plant is used as antidiabetic. Whole plant or its infusion is used in low fever and skin diseases. Root is aphrodisiac and laxative; useful in strangury and diarrhoea. Leaf paste with salt is applied to whitlow. Leaves are good source of vitamin B and C.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
StigmasterolRoot4
Hexadecanoic acidRoot4
beta-sitosterolRoot4, 5
(E)-octadec-9-enoic acidRoot4
Octadecanoic acidRoot4
CampesterolRoot4
Docosan-1-olRoot4
Lignoceric acidRoot4
n-Hexadecan-1-olRoot4
Octacosan-1-olRoot4
Octadeca-9,12-dienoic acidRoot4
QuercetinTuber10
Oleic acidRoot4
Lauric acidRoot4
RutinTuber10
Caffeic acidTuber; Leaf; Root10, 8, 9
Arachidic AcidRoot4
alpha-TocopherolRoot4
ChlorogenateTuber; Leaf; Root10, 8, 5, 9
4‑Caffeoylquinic acidTuber7
Myristic acidRoot4
3,4-Dicaffeoylquinic acidLeaf; Root8, 9
Pentadecanoic acidRoot4
Behenic acidRoot4
delta5-AvenasterolRoot4
Hexacosanoic acidRoot4
5-O-caffeoylquinic acidLeaf; Root9
1-TetracosanolRoot4
Margaric acidRoot4
n-Nonacosan-1-olRoot4
3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid Tuber; Leaf; Root7, 8, 9
4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid Leaf; Root8, 9
Cyanidin 3,5-DiglucosideRoot2
Tricosanoic acidRoot4
Octadecan-1-olRoot4
Pentacosanoic acidRoot4
Heptacosanoic acidRoot4
Triacontanoic acidRoot4
Vitamin CTuber10
9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acidRoot4
Cyanidin 3-O-(2-O-(6-O-(E)-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside)5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideRoot1, 2
Cyanidin 3-O-(2-O-(6-O-(E)-p-coumaroyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-6-O-(E)-Caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside)-5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideRoot1
Cyanidin 3-O-(2-O-(6-O-(E)-p-coumaroyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-6-O-(E)-p-coumaroyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside)-5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideRoot1, 2
Peonidin 3-O-(2-O-(6-O-(E)-P-coumaroyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-6-O-(E)-p-coumaroyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside)-5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideRoot1, 2
Cyanidin 3-(p-coumaroyl) sophoroside-5-glucosideRoot1
Cyanidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucosideRoot; Leaf1, 2, 3
Peonidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucosideLeaf; Root3, 2
p-Hydroxybenzoylated (cyanidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucoside)Leaf; Root3, 2
Caffeoylated (cyanidin 3-sophoroside-5 glucoside)Leaf; Root3, 2
Feruloylated (cyanidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucoside)Leaf3
Cyanidin 3-(6,6'-caffeoyl-p-hydroxybenzoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf3
Cyanidin 3-(6,6'-dicaffeoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf; Root3, 2
Cyanidin 3-(6-caffeoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf3
Cyanidin 3-(6,6'-caffeoylferuloylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf; Root3, 2
Peonidin 3-(6,6'-dicaffeoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf3
Peonidin 3-(6,6'-caffeoyl-p-hydroxybenzoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf3
Peonidin 3-(6-caffeoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf; Root3, 2
Peonidin 3-(6,6'-caffeoylferuloylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf3
(Z)-octadec-9-en-1-olRoot4
beta-D-Fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-alpha-D-[2-O-valyl]-glucopyronosideTuber6
beta-D-Fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-alpha-D-[2-O-tyrosyl]-glucopyranosideTuber6
beta-D-Fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-alpha-D-[2-O-threonyl]-glucopyranosideTuber6
beta-D-Fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-alpha-D-[2-O-hystidyl]-glucopyranosideTuber6
2-beta-D-Fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-alpha-D-[2-O-alanyl]-glucopyranosideTuber6
beta-D-Fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-alpha-D-[2-O-tryptophanyl]-glucopyranosideTuber6
beta-D-Fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-alpha-D-[2-O-glycyl]-glucopyranosideTuber6
4,5-Di-O-caffeoyldaucic acidTuber7
1,3-Di-O-caffeoylquinic acidTuber7
3,4,5-tri-O-Caffeoylquinic AcidLeaf; Root8, 9
Hexadecyl ferulateRoot5
Heptadecyl ferulateRoot5
Octadecyl ferulateRoot5
Batatin VIIRoot11
Batatinoside VIIRoot11
Batatinoside VIIIRoot11
Batatinoside IXRoot11
Batatinoside IVRoot11
Pelargonidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucosideRoot2
Cyanidin 3-(6''-p-coumarylsophoroside)-5-glucosideRoot2
Cyanidin 3-(6''-feruloylsophoroside)-5-glucosideRoot2
Peonidin 3-(6''-p-coumarylsophoroside)-5-glucosideRoot2
Peonidin 3-(6''-feruloylsophoroside)-5-glucosideRoot2
Pelargonidin 3-feruloylsophoroside-5-glucosideRoot2
Pescaprein IRoot11
p-Hydroxybenzoylated (peonidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucoside)Leaf; Root3, 2

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Leaf
Hydromethanol Antibacterial 13
Root Tuber
Ethanol Breast Cancer 12
Ethanol Gastric Cancer 12
Ethanol Antiulcerant 16
Tuber
Aqueous Antiulcerant 14
Methanol Antiulcerant 15
Methanol; Aqueous Antidiabetic 17

References

  • 1 Terahara, N., Konczak, I., Ono, H., Yoshimoto, M. and Yamakawa, O. (2004) Characterization of acylated anthocyanins in callus induced from storage root of purple-fleshed sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas L. BioMed Research International, 2004, 279-286.
  • 2 Tian, Q., Konczak, I. and Schwartz, S.J. (2005) Probing anthocyanin profiles in purple sweet potato cell line (Ipomoea batatas L. Cv. Ayamurasaki) by high-performance liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53, 6503-6509.
  • 3 Islam, M.S., Yoshimoto, M., Terahara, N. and YAMAKAWA, O. (2002) Anthocyanin compositions in sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) leaves. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 66, 2483-2486.
  • 4 Cordeiro, N., Freitas, N.l., Faria, M. and Gouveia, M. (2013) Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.: a rich source of lipophilic phytochemicals. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 61, 12380-12384.
  • 5 Kawanishi, K., Yasufuku, J., Ishikawa, A. and Hashimoto, Y. (1990) Long-chain alkyl ferulates in three varieties of Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 38, 105-108.
  • 6 Dini, I., Tenore, G.C., Trimarco, E. and Dini, A. (2006) Seven new aminoacyl sugars in Ipomoea batatas. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 54, 6089-6093.
  • 7 Dini, I., Tenore, G.C. and Dini, A. (2006) New polyphenol derivative in Ipomoea batatas tubers and its antioxidant activity. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 54, 8733-8737.
  • 8 Islam, M.S., Yoshimoto, M., Yahara, S., Okuno, S., Ishiguro, K. and Yamakawa, O. (2002) Identification and characterization of foliar polyphenolic composition in sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) genotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50, 3718-3722.
  • 9 Truong, V.D., McFeeters, R., Thompson, R., Dean, L. and Shofran, B. (2007) Phenolic acid content and composition in leaves and roots of common commercial sweetpotato (Ipomea batatas L.) cultivars in the United States. Journal of Food Science, 72.
  • 10 Guan, Y., Wu, T., Lin, M. and Ye, J. (2006) Determination of pharmacologically active ingredients in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) by capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 54, 24-28.
  • 11 Rosas-Ramírez, D. and Pereda-Miranda, R. (2013) Resin glycosides from the yellow-skinned variety of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 61, 9488-9494.
  • 12 Sugata, M., Lin, C.-Y. and Shih, Y.-C. (2015) Anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities of Taiwanese purple-fleshed sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam) extracts. BioMed research international, 2015.
  • 13 Pochapski, M.T., Fosquiera, E.C., Esmerino, L.A., dos Santos, E.B., Farago, P.V., Santos, F.A. and Groppo, F.C. (2011) Phytochemical screening, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities of the crude leaves’ extract from Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Pharmacognosy magazine, 7, 165.
  • 14 Hermes, D., Dudek, D.N., Maria, M.D., Horta, L.P., Lima, E.N., de Fatima, A.n., Sanches, A.C. and Modolo, L.V. (2013) In vivo wound healing and antiulcer properties of white sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). Journal of advanced research, 4, 411-415.
  • 15 Panda, V. and Sonkamble, M. (2012) Anti-ulcer activity of Ipomoea batatas tubers (sweet potato). Functional Foods in Health and Disease, 2, 48-61.
  • 16 Rengarajan, S., Rani, M. and Kumaresapillai, N. (2012) Study of ulcer protective effect of Ipomea batatas (L.) dietary tuberous roots (Sweet Potato). Iranian J Pharmacol Therap, 11, 36-39.
  • 17 Panda, V. and Sonkamble, M. (2012) Phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Ipomoea batatas L.,(Lam)—a review. International Journal of Research in Phytochemistry and Pharmacology, 2, 25-34.
  • 18 Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. and Choudhury, J. (2009) Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh, 794.
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