Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.

Family: Convolvulaceae


Family Synonyms

Common Names

Misti Alu (Bengali), Sweet Potato (English), Fan shu (Chinese), Süßkartoffel (German), Batata (Spanish).

Local Availability

The plant is cultivated throughout the country.

Worldwide Availability

Sweet potatoes are cultivated throughout tropical and warm temperate regions in the world

Botanical Description 18

Ipomoea batatas is a spreading, prostrate, herbaceous, smooth or somewhat hairy vine. Stems or runners, sprawling several meters long, take root when in contact with soil. Leaves are ovate to oblong-o

Common Ethnobotanical Use 19

Plant is used as antidiabetic. Whole plant or its infusion is used in low fever and skin diseases. Root is aphrodisiac and laxative; useful in strangury and diarrhoea. Leaf paste with salt is applied to whitlow. Leaves are good source of vitamin B and C.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Hexadecanoic acidRoot4
beta-sitosterolRoot4, 5
(E)-octadec-9-enoic acidRoot4
Octadecanoic acidRoot4
Lignoceric acidRoot4
Octadeca-9,12-dienoic acidRoot4
Oleic acidRoot4
Lauric acidRoot4
Caffeic acidTuber; Leaf; Root10, 8, 9
Arachidic AcidRoot4
ChlorogenateTuber; Leaf; Root10, 8, 5, 9
4‑Caffeoylquinic acidTuber7
Myristic acidRoot4
3,4-Dicaffeoylquinic acidLeaf; Root8, 9
Pentadecanoic acidRoot4
Behenic acidRoot4
Hexacosanoic acidRoot4
5-O-caffeoylquinic acidLeaf; Root9
Margaric acidRoot4
3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid Tuber; Leaf; Root7, 8, 9
4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid Leaf; Root8, 9
Cyanidin 3,5-DiglucosideRoot2
Tricosanoic acidRoot4
Pentacosanoic acidRoot4
Heptacosanoic acidRoot4
Triacontanoic acidRoot4
Vitamin CTuber10
9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acidRoot4
Cyanidin 3-O-(2-O-(6-O-(E)-caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside)5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideRoot1, 2
Cyanidin 3-O-(2-O-(6-O-(E)-p-coumaroyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-6-O-(E)-Caffeoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside)-5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideRoot1
Cyanidin 3-O-(2-O-(6-O-(E)-p-coumaroyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-6-O-(E)-p-coumaroyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside)-5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideRoot1, 2
Peonidin 3-O-(2-O-(6-O-(E)-P-coumaroyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-6-O-(E)-p-coumaroyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside)-5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideRoot1, 2
Cyanidin 3-(p-coumaroyl) sophoroside-5-glucosideRoot1
Cyanidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucosideRoot; Leaf1, 2, 3
Peonidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucosideLeaf; Root3, 2
p-Hydroxybenzoylated (cyanidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucoside)Leaf; Root3, 2
Caffeoylated (cyanidin 3-sophoroside-5 glucoside)Leaf; Root3, 2
Feruloylated (cyanidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucoside)Leaf3
Cyanidin 3-(6,6'-caffeoyl-p-hydroxybenzoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf3
Cyanidin 3-(6,6'-dicaffeoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf; Root3, 2
Cyanidin 3-(6-caffeoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf3
Cyanidin 3-(6,6'-caffeoylferuloylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf; Root3, 2
Peonidin 3-(6,6'-dicaffeoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf3
Peonidin 3-(6,6'-caffeoyl-p-hydroxybenzoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf3
Peonidin 3-(6-caffeoylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf; Root3, 2
Peonidin 3-(6,6'-caffeoylferuloylsophoroside)-5-glucosideLeaf3
4,5-Di-O-caffeoyldaucic acidTuber7
1,3-Di-O-caffeoylquinic acidTuber7
3,4,5-tri-O-Caffeoylquinic AcidLeaf; Root8, 9
Hexadecyl ferulateRoot5
Heptadecyl ferulateRoot5
Octadecyl ferulateRoot5
Batatin VIIRoot11
Batatinoside VIIRoot11
Batatinoside VIIIRoot11
Batatinoside IXRoot11
Batatinoside IVRoot11
Pelargonidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucosideRoot2
Cyanidin 3-(6''-p-coumarylsophoroside)-5-glucosideRoot2
Cyanidin 3-(6''-feruloylsophoroside)-5-glucosideRoot2
Peonidin 3-(6''-p-coumarylsophoroside)-5-glucosideRoot2
Peonidin 3-(6''-feruloylsophoroside)-5-glucosideRoot2
Pelargonidin 3-feruloylsophoroside-5-glucosideRoot2
Pescaprein IRoot11
p-Hydroxybenzoylated (peonidin 3-sophoroside-5-glucoside)Leaf; Root3, 2

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Hydromethanol Antibacterial 13
Root Tuber
Ethanol Breast Cancer 12
Ethanol Gastric Cancer 12
Ethanol Antiulcerant 16
Aqueous Antiulcerant 14
Methanol Antiulcerant 15
Methanol; Aqueous Antidiabetic 17


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  • 2 Tian, Q., Konczak, I. and Schwartz, S.J. (2005) Probing anthocyanin profiles in purple sweet potato cell line (Ipomoea batatas L. Cv. Ayamurasaki) by high-performance liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53, 6503-6509.
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