Kalanchoe pinnata

Family: Crassulaceae


Family Synonyms

Common Names

Patharkuchi; Koppata (Chittagong), Rokkiapumbo (Marma), Gios (Chakma), American Life Plant (English), Lao di sheng gen (Chinese), Coirama (Brazil).

Local Availability

The plant is cultivated all over Bangladesh as an ornamental plant.

Worldwide Availability

Prehistoric introduction from tropical Asia or Malaya.

Botanical Description 24

The plant is erect succulent, glabrous herb, 0.3-1.2 cm high. Leaves variable, the lower usually simple, occasionally compound, the upper usually 3-5 or sometimes 7-foliolate. Leaflets ovate or ellipt

Common Ethnobotanical Use 25

Leaves are diuretic, antilithic and insecticidal; applied to wounds, boils and bites of insects. It is useful in bronchial affections, kidney stones, blood dysentery, gout and jaundice. Juice of the warmed leaves is drunk for cough. Pounded leaves are applied to corns, burns and scalds. In Khagrachari leaf juice is given orally in jaundice. It is also given for indigestion and stomach pain. Pounded leaves soaked in water overnight and the mucilaginous water thus obtained is taken in the next morning in empty stomach for blood dysentery. Juice of the leaves along with sugar is given in gonorrhea in Jointiapur of Sylhet.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
LimoneneLeaf; Aerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome1, 2, 11
LinaloolLeaf; Aerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11
alpha-TerpineolAerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome2
CitronellolLeaf; Aerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome1, 2, 6, 7
NeralLeaf; Aerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11
delta-CadineneAerial; Leaf; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant; 62, 3, 5, 7
(E,E)-alpha-farneseneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-oneLeaf; Aerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 11
GeraniolLeaf; Aerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11
2-UndecanoneLeaf; Aerial; Blade; Sheath; Whole Plant1, 2, 5, 7
beta-ElemeneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
trans-alpha-bergamoteneAerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant; Leaf2, 5, 7, 9
alpha-HumuleneBlade; Sheath; Rhizome2
gamma-MuuroleneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
Germacrene DAerial; Sheath; Rhizome2
ValenceneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
Caryophyllene oxideLeaf; Aerial; Sheath; Rhizome1, 2, 7, 9
Epi-alpha-muurololSheath; Rhizome2, 3
alpha-PineneAerial; Sheath; Rhizome2
beta-SesquiphellandreneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
OcimeneAerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant2, 5, 9
NerolWhole Plant; Leaf; Blade; Sheath3, 5, 6, 9
CampheneLeaf1, 11
alpha-MuuroleneAerial; Leaf; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome2, 3, 6
MyrceneLeaf; Aerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant1, 2, 5, 7, 9, 11
cis-beta-OcimeneBlade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant; Leaf2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11
alpha-GurjuneneLeaf; Blade; Sheath3, 6
alpha-GuaieneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
alpha-SelineneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
beta-EudesmolLeaf; Blade; Sheath3, 6
alpha-CadinolAerial; Leaf; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant2, 5, 6
Di-n-octyl pthalateLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
(e)-CaryophylleneLeaf; Aerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant1, 2, 5, 7
NeoalloocimeneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
alpha-ThujeneAerial; Sheath; Rhizome; Leaf2, 11
(Z)-Linalool oxideLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
CitronellalAerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome2, 3
Geranyl acetateLeaf; Aerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11
GeranialAerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome; Whole Plant; Leaf2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
epi-alpha-CadinolLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
trans-FarnesalLeaf; Blade; Sheath6, 7
MyrcenolLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
Geranyl formateSheath; Rhizome; Leaf2, 9
Germacrene B3
(E)-CarveolLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
Geranic acidLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
Juniper camphorLeaf; Blade; Sheath6, 7
VirdiflorolLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
2-TridecanoneLeaf; Whole Plant1, 5
Selina-6-en-4-olAerial; Blade; Sheath; Rhizome2
Neral nitrile4
Geranyl nitrile4
Neral oxime4
Geranial oxime4
Rosefuran epoxideWhole Plant; Leaf5, 9
5-epi-7-epi-a-EudesmolWhole Plant5
alpha-Pinene oxideLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
1,6-Octadiene,2,6-dimethyl-Leaf; Blade; Sheath6
1-Octyn-3-olLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
trans-ChrysanthemalLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
3,6,6-Trimethyl-cyclohex-2-enolLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
(-)-IsopinocampheolLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
1-Pentanol,5-cyclopropylidene-Leaf; Blade; Sheath6
3-UndecyneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
3-CarvomenthenoneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
beta-VatireneneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
Dextro-carvoneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
CycloisolongifoleneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
cis-CarveolLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
Oxiranmethanol,3-methyl-3(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)Leaf; Blade; Sheath6
Isolongifolene, 4,5,9,10-dehydro-Leaf; Blade; Sheath6
beta-MaalieneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
alpha-AmorpheneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
alpha-BulneseneLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
1(5)-Guaien-11-olLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
Pimelyl dihydrazideLeaf; Blade; Sheath6
TorreyolSheath; Rhizome2
7-O-Glucosyl luteolinLeaf10

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Ethanol Anticancer 21
Methanol Antiulcerant 16
Petroleum Ether; Chloroform Antidiabetic 17
Aqueous Analgesic 20
Aqueous CNS Depressant 20
Chloroform Cervical Cancer 23
Leaf; Stem
Petroleum Ether; Aqueous Antifungal 13
Ethanol Antibacterial 14
Methanol Antifungal 15
Methanol Antibacterial 15
Aqueous; Ethanol Analgesic 22
Stem; Root
Methanol Anticonvulsant 18


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