Ageratum conyzoides L

Family: Asteraceae

Synonyms

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Monipuizza Kher (Chakma); Achunai, Chunachu appa (Marma); Submenum (Tipra); Appa Grass, Goat weed (English).

Local Availability

In fallow lands, throughout the country.

Worldwide Availability

Tropical America, especially Brazil, and considered an invasive weed in many other regions.

Botanical Description 27

Ageratum conyzoides l. is 30-60 cm high, an erect, annual, foetid herb. Leaves broadly ovate, crenate, hairy. Inflorescence a terminal corymb; flowers pale blue, in small head.

Common Ethnobotanical Use 28

A. conyzoides L. is used as purgative, febrifuge, for ophthalmia, colic, treatment of ulcers, and wound dressing. Leaves are styptic and antiseptic; applied to wounds and cuts for quick healing and prevent tetanus; applied to boils as a poultice. As a fomentation the leaves and stems are used in skin diseases. Fresh juice of the leaves is used by the tribal of Chittagong Hill Tracts for treating jaundice. The leaves are used for application on cuts, sores, anti-inflammatory agent, haemostatic, in headache, skin diseases, in typhoid, in malarial fever, in wound healing and leucorrhoea. Poultice of the boiled leaf paste is used for headache. Roots and leaves are considered antidysenteric. Plant juice is used to cure fever.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
OctaneAerial17
LimoneneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
1,8-CineoleLeaf; Aerial1, 2
LinaloolLeaf; Aerial1, 2
alpha-TerpineolLeaf; Aerial1, 17
EugenolLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
beta-Caryophyllene Leaf; Aerial; Seed1, 2, 15, 16, 17
StigmasterolStem; Leaf; Aerial9, 10, 20
Hexadecanoic acid22
beta-sitosterolStem; Leaf; Aerial9, 10, 20
Linoleic acid22
beta-FarneseneLeaf; Seed; Aerial1, 15, 19
NerolidolSeed; Aerial15, 17
Octadecanoic acid22
delta-CadineneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
beta-BisaboleneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
(E,E)-alpha-farneseneSeed15
SabineneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
CamphorAerial2, 17
4-TerpineolLeaf1
alpha-CopaeneSeed15
beta-BourboneneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
beta-ElemeneLeaf; Seed1, 15
beta-GurjuneneSeed15
alpha-HumuleneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
Germacrene DLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
BicyclogermacreneAerial19
SpathulenolLeaf; Aerial1, 17
Caryophyllene oxideLeaf; Aerial; Seed1, 2, 15
Epi-alpha-muurololAerial19
Brassicasterol22
Quercetin22
Linolenic acid22
Oleic acid22
Kaempferol22
Caffeic acid22
Phytol22
beta-PineneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
alpha-PineneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
Methyleugenol22
beta-SesquiphellandreneAerial2, 17
AgeratochromeneLeaf; Aerial; Whole Plant; Seed1, 2, 3, 8, 15, 16, 21
6-Methoxyquinoline-1-oxideAerial2
beta-Caryophyllene oxideLeaf16
beta-SinensalAerial2
OcimeneAerial17
EncecalinLeaf1
6-Vinyl-7-methoxy-2,2-dimethyl chromeneLeaf; Aerial1, 2
DihydroencecalinLeaf1
Dihydrodesmethoxyencecalin22
DemethoxyencecalinLeaf1
DemethylencecalinLeaf; Seed1, 15
2-(1'-oxo-2'-methylpropyl)-2-Methyl-6,7-dimethoxychromeneWhole Plant3
2-(2'-methylethyl)-5,6-DimethoxybenzofuranWhole Plant3
14-Hydroxy-2Hbeta,3-DihydroeuparineAerial5
Linderoflavone BAerial; Whole Plant3, 7
5,6,7,3',4',5'-HexamethoxyflavoneAerial; Whole Plant4, 7
5,6,8,3',4',5'-HexamethoxyflavoneAerial4
EupalestinAerial; Whole Plant; Stem; Leaf4, 7, 10, 18
NobiletinAerial; Whole Plant4, 7
5,6,7,5'-Tetramethoxy-3',4'-methylenedioxyflavoneAerial; Whole Plant4, 7
SinensetinAerial; Whole Plant4, 7
5,6,7,8,3',5'-Hexamethoxy-4'-hydroxyflavoneWhole Plant7
Quercetin-3-rhamanopiranoside22
Kaempferol-3-rhamnopiranoside22
Kaempferol-3,7-diglucopiranoside22
Friedelin9
Dihydrobrassicasterol22
Spinasterol22
Stigmast-7-en-3beta-ol22
LycopsamineWhole Plant14
EchinatineWhole Plant14
(+)-Sesamin22
Aurantiamide acetate13
Fumaric acid22
(Z)-12-(6-methyl)-Heptadecenoic acidWhole Plant12
Hexadecenoic acid22
Aspartic acid22
Methionine22
Ornithine22
5,6,7,8,3’,4’,5’-HeptamethoxyflavoneAerial; Whole Plant; Stem; Leaf4, 7, 11, 18
Aurone23
Chalcone23
Cyanic acid23
NerolSeed15
Precocene ILeaf; Whole Plant; Stem; Seed; Aerial1, 3, 8, 10, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21
gamma-BisaboleneLeaf16
cis-NerolidolLeaf16
3,3-Dimethyl-5-tert-butylindoneLeaf16
alpha-BisaboleneSeed15
GermacreneSeed15
alpha-CubebeneLeaf; Aerial; Seed1, 2, 15
Fenchyl acetateSeed; Leaf15, 16
Bornyl formateSeed; Aerial15, 17
CampheneAerial; Seed2, 15, 17
MethanazuleneSeed15
alpha-MuuroleneSeed; Aerial15, 17
AcetoneAerial17
2-ButanoneAerial17
TricycleneAerial17
alpha-FencheneAerial17
delta-3-CareneAerial17
MyrceneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
beta-PhellandreneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
2-HexenalAerial2
p-CymeneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
TerpinoleneLeaf; Aerial1, 17, 19
(Z)-3-Hexenyl acetateAerial17
(Z)-3-HexenolAerial2, 17
alpha-FenchoneAerial17
alpha-CopaeneLeaf; Aerial1, 2, 17
cis-Sabinene hydrateLeaf; Aerial1, 17
Bornyl acetateAerial; Leaf2, 16, 17
alpha-BergamoteneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
MyrtenalAerial17
trans-PinocarveolAerial17
(Z)-beta-FarneseneAerial17
IsoborneolAerial17
gamma-ElemeneLeaf; Aerial1, 17
cis-JasmoneAerial17
PatchulaneAerial17
CoumarinLeaf18
alpha-ThujeneLeaf; Aerial1, 19
delta-2-CareneAerial19
Santolina alcoholAerial19
cis-beta-OcimeneLeaf; Aerial1, 19
3-(2'-methyl-propyl)-2-methyl-6,8-dimethoxy-chrom-4-oneWhole Plant3
2-(2'-methylprop-2'-enyl)-2-methyl-6,7-dimethoxy-chroman-4-oneWhole Plant3
5,7,2',4'-Tetrahydroxy-6,3'-di-(3,3-dimethylallyl)-isoflavone5-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→4)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosideStem6
2,2-Dimethylchromene-7-O-beta-glucopyranosideAerial5

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Leaf
Ethanol; Petroleum Ether; Ethyl Acetate; Butanol; Aqueous Leukemia 24
Hydroalcohol Antiinflammatory 25
Whole Plant
Hydroalcohol Analgesic 26

References

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