Litchi chinensis

Family: Sapindaceae

Synonyms

Nephelium litchi (Lour.)Camb.

Family Synonyms

Common Names

Litchi, Lichu, Lachu

Local Availability

Litchi chinensis planted throughout the country of Bangladesh

Worldwide Availability

Botanical Description 19

L. chinensis is an evergreen, medium-sized round-topped tree with a smooth, grey, trunk and limbs. It may reach 10-15 m high, but is usually much smaller. Leaves leathery, pinnate, divided into 4-8 pa

Common Ethnobotanical Use 20

Fruits are tonic to the heart, brain and liver. The kernel of the seed is ground and macerated to alcohol for use in intestinal troubles; seeds are also used as an anodyne and are prescribed in various neuralgic disorders and in orchitis. The root, bark and flowers, in the form of decoction are used as a gargle for throat affections. The leaves are used as a cure for the bites of animals.

Chemical Constituents

Compound Name Compound in Plant Parts Reference
Quercetin 3-O-glucosideFruit3
PentaneFruit7
Dimethyl sulphideFruit11
HexanalFruit4, 8, 11
2-FuraldehydeFruit11
BenzaldehydeFruit11
LimoneneFruit4, 10
LinaloolFruit1, 4, 8, 11
NonanalFruit4
alpha-TerpineolFruit4, 11
p-Cymen-8-olFruit4, 9
CitronellolFruit1, 8, 11
NeralFruit1, 4, 11
beta-Damascenone Fruit8, 11
beta-Caryophyllene Fruit10
Dibutyl phthalateFruit11
EicosaneFruit7
DocosaneFruit7
2-Methylbut-2-enalFruit8
Methyl benzoate Fruit11
Acetophenone Fruit11
1,2-DimethoxybenzeneFruit9
7-Hydroxy-6-methoxychromen-2-oneSeed2
OctanolFruit4, 11
(2E,4E)-DecadienalFruit8
GeranylacetoneFruit4
beta-FarneseneFruit10
DodecanolFruit4
NerolidolFruit11
(2E,6E)-FarnesolFruit1, 11
Ethyl hexadecanoateFruit11
SabineneFruit7
6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-oneFruit4
Benzyl alcoholFruit1, 4, 9, 11
gamma-TerpineneFruit7, 11
MentholFruit4
4-TerpineolFruit4
DecanalFruit11
GeraniolFruit1, 4, 8, 10, 11
gamma-MuuroleneFruit4
n-HexadecaneFruit7
n-Octanoic acidFruit1
Cyanidin-3-rutinosideFruit3
VanillinFruit8
trans-p-Coumaric acidSeed2
(-)-EpicatecholFruit3
RutinFruit3
Protocatechuic acidSeed2
Phenol,24 bis(1,1-Dimethylethyl)Fruit4
2,3-Dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-oneFruit11
Ethyl decanoateFruit4
beta-PineneFruit7
alpha-PineneFruit7
MethyleugenolFruit4
OcimeneFruit4
NerolFruit4, 8, 10
CampheneFruit7
alpha-MuuroleneFruit4
AcetoneFruit7
MyrceneFruit1
beta-PhellandreneFruit9
2-HexenalFruit4, 8, 11
p-CymeneFruit4
TerpinoleneFruit4, 8, 10
(Z)-3-HexenolFruit4
alpha-CopaeneFruit4
(Z)-beta-FarneseneFruit11
IsoborneolFruit8
gamma-ElemeneFruit4, 11
cis-beta-OcimeneFruit1
alpha-CubebeneFruit11
Isobutyl esterFruit8
LimoneneFruit11
ar-CurcumeneFruit10
ZingibereneFruit7
NeoalloocimeneFruit4
alpha-TerpineneFruit7
alpha-ThujoneFruit7
HexanolFruit1, 4, 11
PhenolFruit1
Isovaleric acidFruit1
trans-p-Mentha-2,8-diene-1-olFruit4
Cinnamic AcidFruit8
2,6-Bis-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl phenolFruit4
alpha-HexylcinnamaldehydeFruit11
1-Octen-3-olFruit4, 8, 11
Benzene propanoic acidFruit8
Acetic acidFruit4
GuaiacolFruit8
CyclopentanoneFruit9
1-HeptanolFruit4
Caproic acidFruit1, 8, 11
BenzothiazoleFruit7
2-Methylbut-3-en-2-olFruit9
3-Methylbutan-1-olFruit1, 4
gamma-DecalactoneFruit8
delta-DecalactoneFruit8
CitronellalFruit9
BorneolFruit4
Geranyl acetateFruit10
trans-Linalool oxideFruit4
GeranialFruit1, 8
Neryl acetateFruit9
NonanolFruit4
Terpinyl acetateFruit1
OctanalFruit8
1,6-Octadiene,3-ethoxy-3,7-dimethyl-Fruit9
3,7-Octadiene-2,6-diol,2,6-dimethyl-Fruit9
1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, butyl octyl esterFruit11
(E)-3-Hexen-1-olFruit4
3-OctanoneFruit9
3-OctanolFruit4
PerilleneFruit9
(Ethoxymethyl)benzeneFruit9
trans-FarnesalFruit11
beta-BisabololFruit9
(Z,Z)-AlloocimeneFruit4
Perillyl alcoholFruit11
2-HeptanolFruit4
2-OctanolFruit4
cis-CarveolFruit4
Geranic acidFruit11
ZingeroneFruit1
AcoradieneFruit9
5,9-undecadien-2-one,6,10-dimethyl-,(Z)Fruit11
Dehydro-p-CymeneFruit4
CinnamaldehydeFruit7
2-Phenylethyl alcoholFruit1, 4, 8
gamma-NonalactoneFruit8
Cyanidin-3-glucosideFruit3
Procyanidin A2Fruit3
Nerol oxideFruit4
AcetoinFruit1, 4
3-Methyl-2-buten-1-olFruit1, 11
Butyric acidFruit1, 8
p-Isopropylbenzyl alcoholFruit1
DrimenolFruit1
Litchiol ASeed2
Litchiol BSeed2
NarirutinSeed2
NaringinSeed2
Pinocembrin-7-rutinoside Seed2
Pinocembrin-7-neohesperidoside Seed2
Ethyl acetateFruit4
EthanolFruit4
Isoamyl acetateFruit4, 8
4-methyl-2-hexanoneFruit4
1-ButanolFruit4
2,6-dimethyl-4-heptanoneFruit4
4-penten-1-yl acetateFruit4
3-methyl-2-butenalFruit4, 11
2-HexenolFruit4
3-HeptanolFruit4
1,3,5-TrimethylbenzeneFruit4
3-methyl-3-buten-1-olFruit4, 11
3-methyl-2-buten-1-yl acetateFruit4
2,4-dithiapentaneFruit4
(E)-2-heptenalFruit4
2,6-dimethyl-4-heptanolFruit4
cis-rose oxideFruit4, 8
trans-rose oxideFruit4
Methyl benzyl etherFruit4
(E)-2-octenalFruit4
Ethyl octanoateFruit4
6-methyl-5-hepten-2-olFruit4
2-ethyl-1-hexanolFruit4, 11
Methyl phenethyl etherFruit4
(E,E)-2,4-heptadienalFruit4
(E)-2-hepten-1-olFruit4
2,3-ButanediolFruit4
(E)-2-octen-1-olFruit4
1,2-dimethoxy-1-phenylethaneFruit4
2,3,5-TrithiahexaneFruit4
Diethyl succinateFruit4
(Z)-MyrtanolFruit4
cis-Pyran linalool oxideFruit4
gamma-GeraniolFruit4
Ethyl phenylacetateFruit4
3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisoleFruit4
Dehydrodiepicatechin APericrap5
Proanthocyanidin A1Pericrap5
Ethyl hexanoateFruit9
Geranyl ethyl etherFruit9
Methylene chlorideFruit7
ChloroformFruit7
2-methylbut-2-en-1-olFruit7
1-hepten-3-olFruit7
beta-Phenethyl formateFruit7
Benzyl acetoacetateFruit7
Ethyl myristateFruit7
Cinnamyl acetateFruit7
2-acetyl-2-thiazolineFruit8
(Z)-2-nonenalFruit8
FuraneolFruit8
(E)-4,5-epoxy-(E)-2-decenalFruit8
(E)-2-nonenalFruit8
Phenylacetic acidFruit8
Ethyl 2-methylbutyrateFruit8
Ethyl isohexanoateFruit8
Ethyl methacrylateFruit8
Ethyl isobutyrateFruit8
2,6-nonadienalFruit8
2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethanolFruit9
3,7-dimethylocta-2,5-diene-1,7-diolFruit9
p-menth-8-ene-1,2-diolFruit9
3-methylbutan-2-oneFruit9
ButyrophenoneFruit9
3-methylbutyl benzoateFruit9
alpha-HimachaleneFruit9
BergamoteneFruit10
AlloaromadendreneFruit10
(Z)-3,7-Dimethyl-3,6-octadien-1-olFruit11
Phthalic acid,isobutyl octyl esterFruit11
2,6-bis(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-dioneFruit11
4-CareneFruit11
3-Methyl-2-butenoic acidFruit11
3,5-di-tert-Butyl-4-hydroxy benzaldehydeFruit11
Tetrahydro-4-methyl-2-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)-2H-pyranFruit11
2-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-6-methyl-phenolFruit11
6-tert-Butyl-2,4-dimethylphenolFruit11
2,5-dihydroxyhexanoic acidSeed2
2alpha,3alpha-epoxy-5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavan(4beta-8-catechin)Seed2
2beta,3beta-epoxy-5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavan-(4alpha-8-epicatechin) Seed2
2alpha,3alpha epoxy-5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavan-(4beta-8)-epicatechinSeed2
Pterodontriol D-6-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideSeed2
Dihydrocharcone-4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranosideSeed2
bis(8-epicatechinyl)methanePericrap5
8-(2-pyrrolidinone-5-yl)-(-)-epicatechinPericrap5
(-)-epicatechin 8-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside Pericrap5
Litchtocotrienol ALeaf6
Litchtocotrienol BLeaf6
Litchtocotrienol CLeaf6
Litchtocotrienol DLeaf6
Litchtocotrienol ELeaf6
Litchtocotrienol FLeaf6
Litchtocotrienol GLeaf6
Macrolitchtocotrienol ALeaf6
Cyclolitchtocotrienol ALeaf6

Pharmacological Evidence

Plants Parts Extract Type Activity Reference
Fruit Peel
Decoction Smallpox Eruption 15
Decoction Antidiarrhoeal 15
Leaf
N/A Antiflatulence 13
N/A Detoxification 13
N/A Heat Stroke 13
Petroleum ether Antiinflammatory 18
Leaf; Pericarp
Ethanol; Hexane; Ethyl Acetate; Water Anticancer 16,17
Seed
N/A Neurological Disorder 12,13
N/A Antiulcerant 12,13
N/A Lumbago 12,13
N/A Hernia 12,13
N/A Orchitis 12,13
Decoction Cough Suppressant 12,14,13
Decoction Gastralgia 12,14,13
Decoction Antitumor 12,14,13
Decoction Enlargement of Glands 12,14

References

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